English grammar practice практикум по грамматике английского языка составители: Т. В. Кагукина


НазваниеEnglish grammar practice практикум по грамматике английского языка составители: Т. В. Кагукина
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7. Put the verbs in brackets into the Future Simple or the “be going to” form. (In some examples the present continuous tense could be used instead of the be going to form.) The exercise contains requests, invitations, and questions about intentions.
* Both ‘will you” and “are you going to” can introduce questions about future intentions. But will you very often introduces a request or invitation. For this reason are you going to is more usual than will you in questions about intentions, are you going to must of course be used when the intention is obviously premeditated.

1. You (open) the door for me, please?- Yes, certainly. 2. You (do) the washing-up tonight? - No, I think it can wait till tomorrow. 3. I'm looking for my easel. - You (paint) someone's portrait? 4. 'You (read) this passage aloud, please,' said the examiner. 5. You (eat) any more of this, or shall I tell the waiter to take it away? 6. You aren't wearing your climbing boots. You (not climb) the mountain with the others? 7. 'You (listen) to me!' said his mother angrily. 8. You (put) my car away from me, please? - Yes, certainly. 9. You (have) another cup of coffee? - No, thank you. 10. Why did you buy all these eggs? You (make) an enormous omelette? 11. There's the phone again. Take no notice. - You (not answer) it? 12. You (come) and see me after the class? I want to discuss your work with you. 13. I see that you have ordered the Guardian. You really (read) it? 14. You (buy) stamps?-Yes, I am. - Then you (buy) some for me, please? 15. You (lend) me your fishing rod? - Yes, of course. Where you (fish)? 16. You (finish) this book or shall I take it back to the library? 17. You (give) me Юр, please? - Yes, here you are. You (make) a telephone call? 18. You (leave) that coil of barbed wire in the hall? Someone will fall over it if you do. 19. You (bath) your dog? - Yes, you (help) me? 20 You (drive), please? I don't like driving at night. 21. You (ride) that horse? He looks very bad-tempered to me. 22. You (eat) it raw? You will be ill if you do. 23. You (have) some of this cake? I made it myself. 24. You really (call) the fire brigade? I don't think it is at all necessary. 25. You (paint) the whole room by yourself? It will take you ages. 26. You (be) ready in five minutes? 27. Hostess: John, you (sit) here at the end of the table? 28. You (do) something for me? - Yes, of course. 29. You (be) angry if he refuses to help you? 30. Why have you brought your typewriter? You (work) this weekend? 31. You (call) me at six? I have to catch an early train. 32. You (walk) there in this rain? You'll get awfully wet. 33. You (sign) here, please? 34. What are all those notes for? You (give) a lecture? 35. Why do you want a candle? You (explore) the caves? 36. If I catch some fish, you (cook) them for me?
^ THE FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE

Affirmative

Negative

Interrogative

I shall/will be reading

I shall/will not (=shan’t/won’t) be reading

Shall/Will I be reading?

He will be reading

She will be reading

It will be reading

He will not (=won’t)be reading

She will not (=won’t)be reading

It will not (=won’t) be reading

Will he be reading?

Will she be reading?

Will it be reading?

We shall/will be reading

We shall/will not (=shan’t/won’t) be reading

Shall/Will we be reading?

You will be reading

They will be reading

You will not (=won’t)be reading

They will not (=won’t) be reading

Will you be reading?

Will they be reading?

*The Future Continuous Tense denotes a temporary action taking place at the given moment in the future.

He will be writing a letter to his friend a) at 5 o’clock tomorrow.

b) from 6 to 7 tomorrow.

c) when I come.

Some other meanings of the Future Continuous Tense are mentioned above (the table explaining different ways of expressing the future action).

1. Put the verbs in brackets into the Future Continuous Tense.

1. This time next month I (sit) on a beach.2. When you arrive I probably (pick) fruit. 3. When we reach England it very likely (rain). 4. In a few days time we (fly) over the Pyrenees. 5. I'll call for her at eight. - No, don't; she still (have) breakfast then. 6. I (wait) for you when you come out. 7. When you next see me I (wear) my new dress. 8. My son will be in the sixth form next year. - That means that old Dr Adder (teach) him mathematics. 9. I'll give Jack your message. I can do it easily because I (see) him tomorrow. We go to work on the same train. 10. You (do) geometry next term. 11. I'll look out for you at the parade. - Do, but I (wear) uniform so you may find it hard to recognize me. 12 We have to do night duty here. I (do) mine next week. 13. In a hundred years' time people (go) to Mars for their holidays. 14. He (use) the car this afternoon. 15. I (see) you again. 16. It's a serious injury but he (walk) again in six weeks. 17. I'll come at three o'clock. - Good, I (expect) you. 18. They are pulling down all the old houses in this street. I expect they (pull) down mine in a few years' time. 19. I'd like to see your new flat. - Well, come tomorrow, but it (not look) its best, for the painters still (work) on it. 20. Stand there, they (change) the guard in a minute and you'll get a good view. 21. You'd better go back now; your mother (wonder) where you are. 22 In fifty years' time we (live) entirely on pills. 23. What do you think the children (do) when we get home? - I expect they (have) their supper. 24. The garden (look) its best next month. 25. It won't be easy to get out of the country. The police (watch) all the ports. 26. What the tide (do) at six tomorrow morning? - It (come) in. 27. I've just remembered that I left the bathroom taps on. I expect the water (run) down the stairs by now. 28. You (need) your camera tomorrow or can I borrow it? 29. We've just got to the top in time. The sun (rise) in a minute. 30. Air hostess: We (take off) in a few minutes. Please fasten your safety belts. 31. We'd better go out tomorrow because Mary (practise) the piano all day. 32. Don't ring her up at 6.00; she (put) the children to bed. Ring later. 33. We are making a house-to-house collection of things for the jumble sale. We (come) to your house next week. 34. That football club has lost some of its players. They (look out) for new men. 35. When I get home my dog (sit) at the door waiting for me. 36 Let's go down to the harbour; the fishing boats all (come) in because of the gale.
^ 2. Put the verbs in brackets into the Future Simple or the Future Continuous Tense.

1. There is going to be a bus strike. Everyone (walk) to work next week. 2. You've just missed the last train! - Never mind, I (walk). 3. I'll ring you tomorrow at six. - No, don't ring at six; I (bath) the baby then. Ring later. 4. Mother: Your face is dirty. Child: All right, I (wash) it. 5. Will you have lunch with me on the 24th? - I'd love to, but I'm afraid I (do) my exam then. 6. I (work) for Mr. Pitt next week as his own secretary will be away. 7. You (have) something to drink, won't you? 8. Why did you take his razor? He (look) for it everywhere tomorrow. 9. I hope you'll do well in the race tomorrow. I (think) of you. 10. Notice on board ship: In the event of an emergency all passengers (assemble) on the boat deck. 11. I don't feel well enough to go to the station to meet him. - I (meet) him for you. But how I (recognize) him? - He's small and fair, and he (wear) a black and white school cap. 12. I (leave) these flowers at the hospital for you. I (go) there anyway to visit my cousin. 13. You ought to try to get a ticket for the Spectators' Gallery next week; they (debate) international fishing rights. 14. You've left the light on. - Oh, so I have. I (go) and turn it off. 15 I've just been appointed assistant at the local library. - Then you (work) under my sister. She is head librarian there. 16. I want to post this letter but I don't want to go out in the rain. - I (post) it for you. I (go) out anyway as I have to take the dog for a walk. 17. The prima ballerina is ill so I expect her understudy (dance) instead. 18. Today is Guy Fawkes' Day; this evening people (let) off fireworks and (make) bonfires in the streets. 19. Military order: Sentries (remain) on duty till they are relieved. 20. This time next Monday I (sit) in a Paris cafe reading Le Figaro. - You (not read). You'll be looking at all the pretty girls. 21. Wages have gone up, so I suppose prices (go up) too. 22. It is nearly autumn; soon the leaves (change) colour. 23. Mother (on phone): My son has just burnt his hand very badly. Doctor: I (come) at once. 24 Customer in restaurant: Waiter, this plate is dirty. Waiter: I'm sorry, sir, I (bring) you another. 25 In a few years' time we all (live) in houses heated by solar energy. 26. It's beginning to get dark; the street lights (go on) in a few minutes. 27. We (not play) poker at the party tonight; our hostess doesn't approve of cards. 28. Let's wait here; the swing bridge (open) in a minute to let that ship through. 29. Guest: May I use your phone to ring for a taxi? Hostess: Oh, there's no need for that; my son (drive) you home. 30. Come on deck; we (enter) harbour in a few minutes. 31. Before you leave the office you (hand) the keys of the safe to Mr Pitt. Do you understand? - Yes, sir. 32. Are you nearly ready? Our guests (arrive) any minute. 33. Loudspeaker announcement: The ship (leave) in a few minutes and all persons not travelling are asked to go ashore. 34. Now that the parking regulations have become stricter, more people (use) public transport and (leave) their cars at home. 35. I'm afraid I've just broken your goldfish bowl. - Never mind, I (put) the goldfish in the bath.
3. Put the verbs in brackets into the Future Simple or the Future Continuous Tense (in negative sentences).

*Won't + infinitive (except when used as part of the ordinary future simple, shall/will) usually implies that the subject refuses to perform a certain action. The negative future continuous tense merely states that a certain action will not take place.

1. I don't like that man and I (not help) him. 2. He (not meet) her, because they will be in different places. 3. My husband (not cut) down the tree. He says that it is perfectly all right as it is. 4 My husband (not cut) the hedge for some time, because he's got a lot of other jobs to do first. 5. Tom (not come) to our party, Because he will be away on that date. 6. Peter says that he (not come) to our party. He doesn't approve of parties. 7. She says that she (not lend) me the book, bcause I never give books back. 8. Mr Pitt (not speak) at the meeting tonight, because he has unexpectedly had to go to hospital. 9. I'll work under anyone except my brother. I (not work) under him. 10. We'll be in the same firm, but we (not work) together, because we'll be in different departments. 11. I (not have) that boy in my class. He is far too noisy. 12. I (not teach) you next week, as I have to go to Paris. 13. He is so angry with his sister that he (not speak) to her. 14. I'll give your message to my sister when I write; but I (not write) for some time, as I only write once a month and I posted a letter to her yesterday. 15. I (not feed) your dog again. He always tries to bite me when I come near him. 16. They were very rude to me. I (not go) there again. 17. He said, 'I (not paint) you in that dress. It does not suit you.' 18. I (not take) any photographs for some time because my camera is being repaired. 19. I (not borrow) his van again. The brakes don't work properly. 20. That boy (not wash) his face. He likes being dirty. 21. You can have the car tomorrow if you like. I (not use) it as I'll be far too busy to go out. 22. She says that she (not send) the child to school, no matter what we say. She thinks it is far better to educate children at home. 23. He says he (not play) for them again, because they aren't giving him enough money. 24. She (not sing) at the next concert, because she has had to go home suddenly. 25 I (not play) cards with you again. You always cheat. 26. She (not take) part in the bridge tournament, because she'll be away then. 27. I (not eat) any more of this; I feel queer already. 28. I (not eat) curry again for a long time, because I am going to stay in a house where no one knows how to cook it. 29. He says that he (not ride) that mare again, because she's dangerous. 30. Tom (not ride) in tomorrow's race, because he is too young. They don't allow riders under sixteen. 31. Whisky is absolutely necessary to me and I (not give) it up. 32. Jack (not drink) whisky this time next week, because he'll be in hospital and they won't give it to him there. 33. I (not open) the window. I dislike fresh air. 34. There is something on his mind, but he (not tell) me what it is. 35. The cat (not eat) fish so I have to buy meat for him.

^ THE FUTURE PERFECT AND THE FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSES

The Future Perfect Tense

Affirmative

Negative

Interrogative

I will/shall have worked

I will/shall not (shan’t/won’t) have worked

Shall/Will I have worked?

He will have worked

He will not have worked

Will he have worked?

She will have worked

She will not have worked

Will she have worked?

It will have worked

It will not have worked

Will it have worked?

We shall/will have worked

We shall/will not (shan’t/won’t) have worked

Shall/Will we have worked?

You will have worked

You will not have worked

Will you have worked?

They will have worked

They will not have worked

Will they have worked?


*The Future Perfect Tense denotes an action completed before a definite moment in the future:

He will have finished his work a) when I call him.

b) by 7 o’clock tomorrow.

^ 1. Put the verbs in brackets into the Future Perfect tense.

1 In a fortnight's time we (take) our exam. 2. I (finish) this book by tomorrow evening. 3 By this time tomorrow we (have) our injections. 4. By the end of next year I (be) here twenty-five years. 5. I'll still be here next summer but Tom (leave). 6. I (finish) this job in twenty minutes. 7. By next winter they (build) four houses in that field. 8. When we reach Valparaiso we (sail) all round the world. 9. At the rate he is going he (spend) all his money by the time he is twenty-one. 10. By this time next year I (save) $25000. 11. By the time we get to the party everything (be) eaten. 12. The train (leave) before we reach the station.

13. If I continue with my diet I (lose) 10 kilos by the end of the month. 14. By the end of my university course I (attend) 1,200 lectures. 15. By the end of this week my illness (cost) me $100. 16. By the time that he leaves school his parents (spend) $25,000 on his education. 17. By the end of the term I (read) all twelve volumes. 18. When you come back I (finish) all the housework. 19. The police (hear) of the theft by this time. 20. We (drink) all that wine by the end of the year. 21. On the fourth of next month he (be) in prison for ten years. 22. When we reach Crewe we (do) half of the journey. 23. At this rate you (break) all the wine glasses by the end of the month. 24. If we don't hurry the sun (rise) before we reach the top. 25. I'm going to Hyde Park to hear the people making speeches. - You'll be too late. By the time you get there they (finish) their speeches and everybody (go) home. 26. By midnight he (be) unconscious for forty-eight hours. 27. By the end of the month 5,000 people (see) this exhibition. 28. By next April I (pay) $3,000 in income tax. 29. I suppose that when I come back in ten years' time all these old houses (be) pulled down. 30. On 21 October they (be) married for twenty-five years. 31. After this performance I (see) Hamlet twenty-two times. 32 The strike leader said, 'By midnight 500 men (come) out on strike.' 33. At your present rate you (burn) all that coal by the end of the month. 34. The treasurer said, 'By the end of the year all our debts (be paid) off.' 35. Householder to Zoo: One of your elephants is in my garden eating my tomatoes. Zoo official: The elephant keeper will be with you in half an hour. Householder: Your elephant (eat) all my tomatoes by then.
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