English grammar practice практикум по грамматике английского языка составители: Т. В. Кагукина


НазваниеEnglish grammar practice практикум по грамматике английского языка составители: Т. В. Кагукина
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13. Write the uncountable and plural nouns into two columns.

Police, mumps, Japanese, billiards, stairs, money, news, accommodation, wealth, measles, applause, pyjamas, clothes, knowledge, furniture, evidence, crockery, rubbish, outskirts.
^ 14. Underline the correct verb form.

1. Mathematics is/are my favourite subject. 2. Wood come/comes from trees. 3. The news was/were interesting. 4. The advice was/were useful. 5. Your furniture is/are so tasteful. 6. Tennis is/are a game played by 2 or 4 people. 7. Butter contain/contains a lot of fat. 8. The scissors cut/cuts really well. 9. You hair is/are so shiny. 10 Japanese is/are difficult to learn. 11. This company has/have six brunches. 12. Water is/are necessary for our survival. 13. $300 is/are too much to spend on that dress.
^ 15. Write the correct form of the verbs in brackets.

1. The people of Africa (believe) in various religions.

2. 20 years (be) a long time to spend in prison for theft.

3. The staircase (be) too steep for my grandmother to climb.

4. Cathay Pacific (be) an Asian airline.

5. Happiness (be) the key to success.

6. Flu (make) you feel miserable.

7. A loaf of bread (cost) more now than it did ten years ago.

8. I think olive oil (add) a lot of flavour to cooking.

9. The committee (meet) every Wednesday in the boardroom.

10. It is said that lightning never (strike) in the same place twice.

11. My favourite pyjamas (be) the ones with red and white stripes.

12. All the members of the staff (get) together in the staff room.

13. Some people think French (sound) so romantic.

14. There (be) too much sugar in my tea.

15. Physics (involve) a lot of theoretical study.

16. Gravity (pull) things towards the centre of the Earth.

17. Good looks (be) all you need to be a model.

18. A crew of over five people (work) in most commercial aeroplanes.

19. Decorating a house (be) a lot of trouble.

20. Your trousers (go) nicely with this blue top.
^ 16. Match the columns.

1. a piece of a) bread

2 .a glass of b) lightning

3. a pint of c) soap/chocolate

4. a rasher of d) water

5. a loaf of e) sugar

6. a bar of f) beer

7. a carton of g) news/paper

8. a flash of h) thunder

9. a clap of i) milk

10. a lump of j) bacon
^ 17. Give the plural of the following nouns.

a) toe, city, hero, piano, calf, cliff, proof, chief, stitch, bath, belief, life, shelf berry, valley, roof, pen, window, wall, week, clock, ship, library, watch, dress, country, glass, day, party, play, bus, leaf, life, colony, fox, half, mass, eye, language, place, key, thief, ray, bush, mouth, journey;

b) foot, boot, ox, fox, man, woman, month, mouse, child, ship, goose, deer, cheese, sheep;

c) crisis, phenomenon, datum, nucleus, basis, apparatus, criterion, series, analysis, formula;

d) room-mate, fellow-worker, court-material, man-of-war, boy-messenger, onlooker, passerby, sister-in-law, postman, son-in-law, fisherman, schoolgirl, text-book, pocket-knife, statesman, editor-in-chief.
^ 18. Change the number of the noun in italic type where possible and make all other necessary changes.

A. 1. Put the box on the shelf. 2. I was presented with a dozen handkerchiefs. 3. The boy must have two teeth pulled out. 4. The hunter got a prize for killing the wolf that had caused much damage to the village flock. 5. The child was bitterly crying over the broken toy. 6. He showed me a photo of his country house. 7. The scout brought some valuable information. 8. I bought a pair of nylon gloves. 9. I saw a mouse in the kitchen. 10. The ox drove a cart of hay. 11. A very strange phenomenon was observed by astronomers yesterday. 12. Her hair was soft and curly.

B. 1. Give me a glass of water. 2. That jewellery really suits you. 3. Dali’s work is on display in this museum. 4. Where is my luggage? 5. It is good work. 6. Have you got a match? 7. I need some wood to build a house. 8. There is a wood not far from our house. 9. You need experience for this job. 10. I had an interesting experience visiting Asia.
^ 19. Use the possessive case instead ofof - phrases”.

The clothes of the boys; the prospects of the company; the notebooks of the students; the favourite sport of my brother; the dream of the mankind; the watch of my friend Nick; games of children; the book of the author; clothes of women; the children of Don and Mary; the sister of my husband; the question of the teacher.
^ 20. Translate from Russian into English.

1. У тебя есть листок бумаги? 2. Мы собираемся поехать на побережье этим летом. 3. Он делает домашнее задание после обеда. 4. Где деньги? 5. Это хороший совет. 6. У нее длинные волнистые волосы. 7. Купи буханку хлеба. 8. На дереве много листьев. 9. В подвале нет мышей. 10. В лесу много тропинок. 11. Это журнал для домохозяек. 12. Возле дома растет много незабудок. 13. Эти ножницы острые. 14. У него новые часы. 15. Закрой ворота. 16. Тебе полезно есть фрукты. 17. На улице много прохожих. 18. В порту много военных кораблей. 19. Это важная информация. 20. В комнате много мебели. 21. Товар на складе. 22. Словари студентов на столе. 23. Ее лучший друг живет в Лондоне. 24. Отец моего друга врач. 25. Вопрос учителя был сложным, но интересным. 26. Я вчера обедал у своего друга. 27. Сходи в булочную и купи хлеба.
*Study the use of ’s

1. the florist’s

2. the butcher’s

3. the greengrocer’s

4. the supermarket

5. the traveling agent’s

6. McDonald’s

7. the dressmaker’s (the tailor’s)

8. the ironmonger’s

9. the jeweller’s

10. Harrods

11. the vet’s

12.the chemist’s(the drug-store)

13. the tobacconist’s

14. the watchmaker’s

15. the doctor’s

16. the dentist’s

17. the confectioner’s

18. the (dry) cleaner’s

19. the stationery

20. the hairdresser’s (the barber’s)



^ UNIT 2. THE ARTICLE

noun

article

example

countable singular

indefinite a or an

She has a bicycle already.

countable singular

definite the

The red bicycle is hers.

countable plural

definite the

The bicycles are in the shed.

countable plural

none

They use bicycles to get to work.

uncountable singular

definite the

The salt is in the cupboard.

uncountable singular

none

Salt is cheap.

^ Here is a summary of the main uses of articles:

meaning

a /an

the

none

specific

She has a cat.

She feeds the cat.

She has cats in the house.

general

A cat is a quiet animal.

The cat was sacred in ancient Egypt.

Cats are not as popular in some cultures as dogs.

the listener does not know which person


There's a cat outside the door.







the listener knows which




The cat outside is black.




*We also use indefinite articles before nouns in the following ways:

- Sth that has not been mentioned before: I've just seen a car coming up the drive. There's a spider in the bath.

- Anyone of a group of people or things in general: He buys a newspaper every day. I want to be a teacher.

- All things of the same kind: Is a spider an insect?

- Certain words expressing amounts: a hundred / a few / a lot / a little/ a great deal: A few weeks from now I'll be in Venice.

- Expressions of frequency: twice a week (= twice each week): ^ I get fifty pounds a day. (= each day). This car goes at 110 miles an hour. (= in one hour).

- Two things that are always mentioned together: a cup and saucer.

- A type of a particular thing: This area produces a fine cheese.

- Smb’s name when we don’t know the person: There is a Mr. Wilkins to see you.

- We also use a /an after what, such, rather to emphasise what we are saying: What a day it's been!

He's such a fool! It's rather a high price, isn't it?

*We use definite articles before nouns in the following ways:

definite article (the): use

examples

sth or sb which you have mentioned before

^ I've got two cats - the black one is called Bob, the white one is called Rosie.

sth which is unique in some way

Which is the tallest building in the world?

sth specific, in an expression with of or which

^ London is the capital of Britain.

sth restricted to a particular case

The power enjoyed by politicians doesn't interest him.

the names of certain countries

the United States/the Lebanon/the United Kingdom

the name of a group of mountains

the Alps/the Pyrenees/the Himalayas

the name of a canal, river, sea, ocean

the Ganges/the Mississippi/the River Thames/the Aegean Seal the Atlantic

sb we visit regularly

^ She's gone to the doctor/the dentist

sb in an official position

the Pope/the President/the Queen

the name of a whole family or group

the Joneses/the Mitchells /the Beatles

sth that everybody knows because it is part of nature or everyday life

^ We drove through the night. Ella's always complaining about the traffic!

a part of sb's body

She hit him on the ear. (= his ear) He punched him on the nose. (- his nose)

an adjective used as a noun referring to a group of people

the sick/the injured/ the rich/the young

an adjective used as a noun describing a nationality

the Japanese/the Asians/the Afro-Caribbeans

the date (in speech)

^ March the twenty-fifth / the twenty-fifth of March

a type of entertainment

We went to the cinema/the opera/the theatre. She plays the guitar.

the name of a hotel and restaurant

^ The Hilton / The Sheraton
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