English grammar practice практикум по грамматике английского языка составители: Т. В. Кагукина


НазваниеEnglish grammar practice практикум по грамматике английского языка составители: Т. В. Кагукина
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5. Put the following into indirect speech.

1. 'What country do you come from?' said Bill. 2. 'How long have you been here?' said Ann. 3. 'Are you working as well as studying?' asked Peter. 4. 'Have you got a work permit?' Bill wanted to know. 5. 'What are you going to study?' asked Ann. 6. 'Have you enrolled for more than one class?' said Peter. 7. 'Do you want to buy any second-hand books?' said Bill. 8. 'Have you seen the library?' asked Ann. 9. 'Do you play rugby?' said Peter. 10. 'Will you have time to play regularly?' he went on. 11. 'Did you play for your school team?' said Bill. 12. 'Are you interested in acting?' asked Ann. 13. 'Would you like to join our Drama Group?' she said. 14. 'What do you think of the canteen coffee?' asked Peter. 15. 'How long has it been a mixed school?' 16. 'Do you like the headmaster?' 17. 'Is he a scientist or an arts graduate?' 18. "How many children are there in the school?' 19. 'How big are the classes?' 20. 'Are the classes streamed?' 21. 'What is the academic standard like?' 22. 'Can parents visit the school at any time?' 23. 'Is there a good art department?' 24. 'Do they teach music?' 25. 'What instruments can the children learn?' 26. "Is there a school orchestra?' 27. 'Do they act plays?' 28. 'What sort of plays have they done?' 29. 'What games do they play?' 30. 'Are the playing fields near the school?' 31. 'Are they taught to swim?' 32. 'Can the children get dinner at school?' 33. 'Is the food good?' 34. 'Is there a Parent-Teacher Association?' 35. 'How often does it meet?' 36. 'Were your own boys happy at the school?'
^ 6. Put the following into indirect speech.

1. 'Why are you looking through the keyhole?' I said. 2. 'Who put salt in my coffee?' he asked. 3. 'Which of you knows how to make Irish stew?' said the chief cook. 4. 'Why did you travel first class?' I asked him. 5. 'How can I run in high-heeled shoes?' she enquired. 6. 'What is your new house like?' I asked them. 7. He said, 'Where am I supposed to go now?' 8. 'Whose car did you borrow last night?' I said to him. 9. 'What was she wearing when you saw her last?' the policeman asked me. 10. 'Who owns this revolver?' said the detective. 11. 'Where were you last night, Mr Jones?' he said. 12. 'What else did you see?' I asked the boy. 13. 'Have you done this sort of work before?' said his new employer. 14. 'Can you read the last line on the chart?' the oculist asked her. 15. 'Did they understand what you said to them?' he asked me. 16. 'Are you being attended to, sir?' said the shop assistant. 17. 'Will you go on strike when the others do?' the shop steward asked him. 18. 'Do you see what I see, Mary?' said the young man. 19. 'Who left the banana skin on the front doorstep?' said my mother. 20. 'Have you gone completely mad?' I asked. 'Do you want to blow us all up?' 21. 'Why is your house so full of antiques?' she asked. 'Was your father a collector?' 22. 'Are you leaving today or tomorrow morning?' said his secretary. 23. 'How far is it?' I said, 'and how long will it take me to get there?' 24. 'Could I speak to Mrs Pitt?' said the caller. 'I'm afraid she's out,' said the au pair girl. 'Could I take a message?' 25. 'Are you sorry for what you did?' the mother asked the little boy. 26. 'Are you going to see him off at the station?' I asked her. 27. 'Would you mind if I looked inside your bag. Madam?' said the policeman. 28. 'If someone fell at your feet foaming at the mouth would you know what to do?' said the instructor in First Aid. 29. 'Why do you think it may be dangerous?' he asked her. 30. 'Do you know that the shoes you are wearing aren't a pair?' I asked him.
*Indirect commands, requests, etc. are normally expressed by tell, order, ask, beg, advise, remind, warn, etc., with the person addressed and the infinitive. When we are reporting negative orders, requests, etc., not goes before the to- infinitive
^ 7. Change the following direct commands into indirect commands.

1 'Switch off the TV,'he said to her. 2 'Shut the door, Tom,' she said. 3 'Lend me your pen for a moment,' I said to Mary. 4 'Don't watch late-night horror movies,' I warned them. 5 'Don't believe everything you hear,' he warned me. 6 'Please fill up this form,' the secretary said. 7 'Don't hurry,' I said. 8 'Don't touch that switch, Mary,' I said. 9 'Open the safe!' the raiders ordered the bank clerk. 10 'Please do as I say,' he begged me. 11 'Help your mother, Peter,' Mr Pitt said. 12 'Don't make too much noise, children,' he said. 13 'Do whatever you like,' she said to us. 14 'Don't miss your train,' she warned them. 15 'Read it before you sign it,' he said to his client. 16 'Do sing it again,' he said. 17 'Don't put your hands near the bars,' the zoo keeper warned us. 18 'Buy a new car,' I advised him. 19 'Don't drive too fast,' she begged him. 20 'Don't lean your bicycles against my windows, boys,' said the shopkeeper. 21 'Come to the cinema with me,' he asked her. 22 'Cook it in butter,' I advised her. 23 'Don't touch the gates, madam,' said the lift operator. 24 'Don't argue with me,' the teacher said to the boy. 25 'Pull as hard as you can,' he said to him. 26 'Send for the Fire Brigade,' the manager said to the porter. 27 'Don't lend her anything,'he advised us. 28 'Make a list of what you want,' she told us. 29 'Look at the paper,' he said to her. 30 'Stand clear of the doors,' a voice warned the people on the platform. 31 'See if you can find any mushrooms, children,' she said. 32 'Don't go alone,' I warned her. 33 'Pay at the cash desk,' the shop assistant said to the customer. 34 The notice said, 'Leave this space clear.' 35 'Remember to write to your mother,' I said to them. 36 'Think well before you answer,' the detective warned her.
^ 8. Put the following into indirect speech.

1. He said, 'Get out of my way.' 2. 'Climb in through the window,' he ordered. 3. 'Please pay at the desk,' said the assistant. 4. 'Open your bag, please,' said the store detective. 5. 'Don't worry about anything, Mrs Pitt,' said her solicitor. 'Leave it all to me.' 6. 'Don't use bent coins in a slot machine,' I warned him. 7. 'Follow that car,' the detective said to the taxi-driver. 8. 'Wash it in lukewarm water,' recommended the assistant. 9. 'Have confidence in me,' urged the doctor. 10. 'Take me up to the 33rd floor,' he said to the liftman. 11. 'Read the notice about life-saving equipment,' advised the air-hostess. 12. 'Always cook with butter,' said her mother, 'never use margarine.' 13. 'Don't argue with your father,' I said. 14. 'Remember to prune the roses,' said my aunt. 15. 'Wait for me at the bridge,' said the young man. 16. 'Don't eat too much starch,' I advised her, 'and avoid fried food.' 17. 'Don't say anything to make her angry,' said my father. 18. Notice: Please do not ask at the desk for change for telephone calls. 19. 'Don't forget to feed the goldfish,' Mary said to her brother. 20. 'Cross the line by the footbridge,' said the porter. 21. 'Write to me as often as you can,' said his wife. 22. "Put your pistol on the table,' said the crook. 23. 'Please book me a seat in a non-smoker,' said the traveller. 24. 'Don't forget your sandwiches,' said his mother. 25. 'Don't go near the water, children,' she said. 26. 'Search the house,' said the police sergeant. 27. 'Don't make mountains out of molehills,' he said. 28.'Put down that gun. It's loaded,' she warned.
^ 9. Put the following into indirect speech using ask, advise, invite, offer, remind, tell, warn.

1. 'Would you like to have lunch with me on Sunday?' he said to me. 2. 'Would you like a cigarette?' said one of the guests. 3. 'Would you mind not smoking between courses?' said their hostess. 4. 'Take these letters to the post, will you? And shut the door as you go out,' said the boss. 5. 'Will you help me, please?' she said. 'I can't reach the top shelf.' 6. 'This is a horrible room. Why don't you ask for something better?' he said. 7. 'If I were you I'd try to get a room on the top floor,' he said. 8. 'I'll wait for you if you like,' she said. 9. 'Remember to switch off when you've finished,' he said. 10. 'You might check these figures for me,' he said. 11. 'You'd better apologize for being late,' said my mother. 12. 'Could you check the oil, please?' I asked the mechanic. 13. 'I wish you'd sit still!' said the artist. "How do you expect me to paint you when you keep jerking your head?' 14. 'Why don't you go by train? It's much less tiring than driving,' I said. 15. Hotel notice:, Will guests please not play radios loudly after midnight? 1. 'Would you like to wait here?' said the receptionist, showing me into the waiting room. 17. 'You must see this exhibition!' said all my friends. 18. 'I should plant daffodils, if I were you,' I said to them. 1. 'If you'd just sign the back of the cheque,' said the bank clerk. 20. 'I'd be very grateful if you'd forward my letters while I am away,' he said. 21. Police announcement: Will anyone who saw this accident please get in touch with their nearest police station? 22. 'Don't leave your room at night,' he said. 'Our host's dogs might mistake you for a burglar.' 23. 'Answer this letter for me, will you?' he said. 'And remember to keep a copy.' 2. 'Would you mind moving your car?' he said. 'It's blocking my gate.' 25. (in a letter) 'Perhaps you'd let me know when your new stock comes in.' (Mrs Jones . . .) 26. Notice on board: The first team will report to the gymnasium for weighttraining. (The coach . . .) 27. 'Could you sew on this button for me?' Tom asked Ann. 'You'd better sew it on yourself,' said Mary. 'Buttons sewn on by Ann usually come off the next day.' 28. 'If you will kindly sit down the fortune-teller will be with you in a moment,' the girl said.
^ 10. Put the following into indirect speech.

1. 'Could you get there and back in one day?' I asked. (I asked if he ...) 2. 'I can't open this tin,' said Ann. 'Shall I do it for you?' said Tom. 3. 'Could you translate this for me, please?' I asked the official. 4. 'Shall we ever meet again?' he wondered. 5. 'Will you be here tomorrow?' she asked. 'Yes,' I answered. 6. 'Could I lose five kilos in a week?' said the fat woman. 'No,' said the doctor. 7. 'Will you have a drink?' he said. 8. 'Why don't you install gas central heating?' said the advertisement. (urge) 9. 'Will you read this very carefully, please?' he said to me. 10. 'Shall I tell him what happened?' she asked me. 11. 'Wouldn't you like to look ten years younger?' said the hairdresser. 12. 'I'm going to Brighton tomorrow,' said Ann. 'So'm I,' said Tom. 'Would you like a lift?' (Tom said he was too and. . .) 13. 'Can I have a sweet?' said the small boy. 14. 'Can we stay up till the end of the programme?' said the children. 15. 'Could I have the weekend off?' he asked his boss. 16. 'Could I leave early on Friday?' he said. 17. 'Why don't you like pop music?' the teenagers asked him. 18. 'Why don't you take up the oboe again?' said my friends, (advise) 19. 'Where shall I hang my new picture?' he said. 'Would it look well over the mantelpiece?' 20. 'What shall I do if the car won't start?' I said. 21. 'Have you got enough money? Shall I lend you some?' said my friend. 22. 'Will you be able to guide me or shall I bring a map?' I asked. 23. 'You won't forget to shut the door, will you?' she said. (remind) 24. 'Would you like to see over the house?' I asked her. 25. 'Would you like to peel the potatoes?' said Ann, handing me a knife. 26. 'I've got two tickets. Would you like to come with me?' he said. 27. 'Can you use a word processor?' he asked. 'No,' I said. 28. 'Would you mind living by yourself for six months?' they asked. 29. 'Would you mind paying cash?' said my landlady when I took out my chequebook. 30. 'Why don't you trust him?' I asked Ann. 'I never trust left-handed men,' she answered.
11. Put the following into indirect speech, avoiding as far as possible the verbs say, ask and tell and choosing instead from the following: accept, accuse, admit, advise, agree, apologize, assure, beg, call (= summon), call (+noun/pronoun + noun), complain, congratulate, deny, exclaim, explain, give, hope, insist, introduce, invite, offer, point out, promise, protest, refuse, remark, remind, suggest, thank, threaten, warn, wish.

1. He said, 'Don't walk on the ice; it isn't safe.' 2. 'Miss Brown, this is Miss White. Miss White, Miss Brown,' he said. 3. 'Here are the car keys. You'd better wait in the car,' he said to her. 4. 'Please, please, don't tell anyone,' she said. 'I won't, I promise,' I said. 5. 'Would you like my torch?' I said, holding it out. 'No, thanks,' he said. 'I have one of my own.' (Omit thanks) 6. Tom: I'll pay. Ann: Oh no, you mustn't! Tom: I insist on paying! 7. 'Come in and look round. There's no obligation to buy,' said the shopkeeper. 8. 'If you don't pay the ransom, we'll kill the boy,' said the kidnappers. 9. 'I won't answer any questions,' said the arrested man. 10. 'He expects a lot of work for very little money,' complained one of the typists. 'Yes, he does,' agreed the other. 11. 'I wish it would rain,' she said. 12. 'You pressed the wrong button,' said the mechanic. 'Don't do it again. You might have a nasty accident.' 13. 'Your weight's gone up a lot!' I exclaimed. 'I'm afraid it has,' she said sadly. 14. 'I hope you'll have a good journey,' he said. 'Don't forget to send a card when you arrive.' 15. 'Hurrah! I've passed the first exam!' he exclaimed. 'Congratulations!' I said, 'and good luck with the second.' 16. 'All right, I'll wait a week,' she said. (Omit all right) 17. 'Many happy returns of your birthday!' we said. 'Thanks,' said the boy. 18. 'Your door is the shabbiest in the street,' said the neighbour. 'It is,' I said. 19. 'Cigarette?' - 'Thanks,' I said. 20. 'I'll sell the TV set if you keep quarrelling about the programme,' said their mother. 'No, don't do that! We won't quarrel any more,' said the children. 21. 'I'll give you Ј500 to keep your mouth shut,' he said to me. 22. 'I'll wait for you, I promise,' he said to me. 23. 'I'm sorry I'm late,' she said. 'The bus broke down.' 24. 'You've been leaking information to the Press!' said his colleagues. 'No, I haven't,' he said. 'Liar!' said Tom. 25. 'I'll drop you from the team if you don't train harder,' said the captain. 26. 'If the boys do anything clever, you call them your sons,' complained his wife. 'But if they do anything stupid, you call them mine.' 27. 'Let's have a rest,' said Tom. 'Yes, let's,' said Ann. 28. 'Ugh! There's a slug in my lettuce. Waiter!' he cried.
^ 12. Translate into English.

1. Я знал, что она еще не прочитала письмо. 2. Она считала, что ананасы растут на деревьях. 3. Он сказал нам, что расплатился с долгами (pay one's debts) боль­ше месяца назад. 4. Она сказала, что пишет это сочине­ние (composition) уже три часа. 5. Она не знала, успеш­но ли закончилась (be a success) операция. 6. Том по­звонил в полицию и сказал, что все его вещи украдены. 7. Капитан приказал всем подняться на борт (get aboard). 8. Они не знали, будут ли опубликованы ре­зультаты их исследований. 9. Я думал, что он работает, и не вошел в комнату. 10. Он попросил, чтобы она не беспокоилась. 11. Я не знаю, когда он приедет в Моск­ву. 12. Они поинтересовались, бывал ли я когда-ни­будь заграницей (abroad). 13. Он сказал им, что они не должны говорить об этом сейчас. 14. Наш гид (guide) рассказал нам, что замок (castle) был возведен в 14-ом веке. 15. Я надеюсь, что новый мост будет построен в следующем году. 16. Интересно, который сейчас час. 17. Кто-нибудь мо­жет сказать мне, в чем дело? 18. Сейчас уже никто не может вспомнить, чья это была идея. 19. Пожалуйста, скажите мне, куда идет этот автобус. 20. Интересно, чем он зарабатывает на жизнь. 21. Мы должны спросить кого-нибудь, где находится вокзал. 22. Тебе придется сказать нам, каковы твои ближайшие планы. 23. Ты можешь объяснить мне, что тебе нужно? 24. В деканате вам скажут, когда заканчивается семестр. 25. Поли­ция не знает, чья это машина. Она без номеров. 26. Туристы были очень удивлены. Никогда раньше они не видели такого количества людей. Но гид объяснил им, что это обычное явление в Гайд-Парке в хорошую погоду. 27. Они надеялись, что если мать поговорит с ним, то он изменит свое решение. 28. Он позвонил нам и сказал, что всю неделю идет дождь, но синоптики обещают хорошую погоду в начале следующей неде­ли. 29. Отец посмотрел на мои ботинки и сказал, что это просто позор, потому что я не чистил их неделя­ми. 30. Каролина сказала нам, что этот красивый ко­мод был в ее семье более двух веков и что сейчас он очень ценный. 31. Мальчик сказал, что их путь лежал через лес. Снег перестал идти, сияло солнце. Они на­деялись, что вскоре доберутся до станции. 32. Я столк­нулся с Анжелой, когда проходил мимо банка. Мы не встречались с тех пор, как закончили университет. Она радостно поздоровалась со мной и сообщила, что только что открыла счет в этом банке. 33. Учительница объяс­нила шестилеткам, что земля круглая и что она вра­щается. Одна девочка очень удивилась и сообщила, что она всегда считала, что земля плоская. 34. У стены сто­ял старомодный шкаф, который видел лучшие време­на (дни). Хозяйка объяснила, что он принадлежал ее прабабушке. 35. Спроси кого-нибудь, какой сегодня день.

^ LIST OF LITERATURE USED

    1. Alexander L. Longman English Grammar Practice for Intermidiate Students. Longman, 1990.

    2. Chalker S. Student’s English Grammar. Workbook. Longman. 1992.

    3. Dean M. English Grammar Lessons. Upper-Intermediate. Oxford University Press, 1993.

    4. Eastwood J. Oxford Grammar Practice. Oxford University Press, 1999.

    5. Evans V. Round-Up. English Grammar practice 4. Longman, 1996.

    6. Evans V. Round-Up. English Grammar practice 5,6. Longman, 2001.

    7. Krylova, I.P., Gordon E.M. A Grammar of Present-day English. Practical Course. Glossa,2000.

    8. Hewings M. Advanced Grammar in Use. Cambridge University Press, 1999.

    9. Kaushanskaya V.L. A Grammar of the English Language. Prosveschenye, 1973.

    10. Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English. Pearson Education Ltd., 2003.

    11. Murphy R. English Grammar in Use. A Self-Study Reference and Practice Book for Intermediate Students. Cambridge, 1998.

    12. Peterson P.W. Changing Times. Changing Tenses. United States Information Agency, 1995.

    13. Prodromov L. Grammar and Vicabulary for First Certificate. Longman, 2001.

    14. Thomson A.S., Martinent A.V. A Practical English Grammar. Oxford University, 1997.

    15. Vince M. Advanced Language Practice. Heinemann, 1994.

    16. Walker E., Elsworth S. Grammar Practice for Intermediate Students. Longman, 1991.

    17. Walker E., Elsworth S. Grammar Practice for Upper Intermediate Students. Longman, 1995.
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