English grammar practice практикум по грамматике английского языка составители: Т. В. Кагукина


НазваниеEnglish grammar practice практикум по грамматике английского языка составители: Т. В. Кагукина
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14. Insert a, an or the if necessary.

1. There was … knock on ... door. I opened it and found … small dark man in ... blue overcoat and … woolen cap. 2. He said he was ... employee of ... gas company and had come to read … meter. 3. ... fog was so thick that we couldn't see … side of ... road. We followed … car in front of us and hoped that we were going … right way. 4. I can't remember … exact date of ... storm, but I know it was … Sunday because everybody was at ... church. On … Monday … post didn't come because … roads were blocked by ... fallen trees. 5. Peter thinks that this is quite . . . cheap restaurant. 6. I don't know what. . . price . . . owners are asking. But Dry and Rot are ... agents. You could give them … ring and make them … offer. 7. ... postman's little boy says that he'd rather be ... dentist than … doctor, because … dentists don't get called out at... night. 8. Just as ... air hostess (there was only one on the plane) was handing me ... cup of ... coffee … plane gave … lurch and … coffee went all over. … person on ... other side of ... gangway. 9. There was … collision between .. car and … cyclist at ... crossroads near … my house early in ... morning. … cyclist was taken to ... hospital with … concussion. … driver of ... car was treated for ... shock. … witnesses say that … car was going at … seventy miles … hour. 10. … Professor Jones, … man who discovered … new drug that everyone is talking about, refused to give … press conference. 11. Peter Piper, ... student in ... professor's college, asked him why he refused to talk to ... press. 12. He got … job in ... south and spent … next two years doing … work he really enjoyed. 13. It is ... pleasure to do ... business with such … efficient organization. 14. ... day after ... day passed without … news, and we began to lose ... hope. 15. Would you like to hear … story about … Englishman, … Irishman and … Scotsman? - No. I've heard … stories about … Englishmen, … Irishmen and … Scotsmen before and they are all ... same. 16. My aunt lived on ... ground floor of ... old house on ... River Thames. She was very much afraid of ... burglars and always locked up ... house very carefully before she went to ... bed. She also took … precaution of looking under … bed to see if ... burglar was hiding there. 17. ... apples are sold by ... pound. These are forty pence … pound. 18. It was … windy morning but they hired ... boat and went for ... sail along … coast. In ... afternoon … wind increased and they soon found themselves in ... difficulties.

^ 15. Fill in a/an or the.

A. 1. … student must use his ID card to be admitted to … library. 2. If … person expects to play … guitar well, he must be willing to practise often. 3. Ann looked everywhere for … badminton net. It was in … attic. 4. Who do you suppose was at … meeting? 5. … woman who is giving … speech is … university teacher. 6 Do you know … white-haired man who is feeding … pigeons? 7. What do you think of … discussion that followed … meeting? 8. … melon is ripe, juicy and has … sweet taste. 9. Unless … rain stops … picnic will be held under … pavilion. 10. Can you hold … lid down so I can lock … suitcase? 11. My sister works in … large hospital in London. She is … doctor. 12. … weather was lovely when I woke up yesterday morning: … sun was shining and there was … beautiful blue sky. 13. My car has broken down and I’ll have to check … engine. 14. … government plans to help … poor and … unemployed. 15. … ambulance took … poor woman to hospital only at 7 p.m. 16.Who is … person who borrowed my umbrella? 17. It was … lovely house but … stairs were too steep for … old people. 18. They gave Anna … guitar for Christmas. She is very good at playing guitar, … piano and … violin. On … whole, she is … very gifted girl. 19. These jeans are cheap. I bought them at a small shop somewhere near … General post-office. 20. If you give me … hand with … dishes, we can go out together. 21. Ann went to … best dressmaker to ensure that her wedding dress fitted her like … glove. 22. There has been … dramatic rise of unemployment in … past ten years. 23. Everything he has said is … lie. He made up … whole story. 24. … boutique opposite my house is having … sale. 25. Isn’t he … man who plays … violin in your orchestra? 26. … village of Blaydon where he lived as … child, has now become part of … town. 27. Are you … person who telephoned here … hour ago? 28. If I’m accepted for … job, I’ll have to start at … beginning of September. 29. Since I had … bad headache last night, I couldn’t go out. 30. Will you send me … report as soon as it’s finished? 31. You shouldn’t be taking … shower now. … taxi’s coming in twenty minutes. 32. … temperature will drop significantly during … afternoon. 33. Every morning I had to sort out … mail and distribute … faxes, before I could have … cup of coffee. 34. … drought this year has been less severe than last year. 35. We spent … wonderful evening with … Stones. 36. … gentle wind was blowing through … trees. 37. As soon as he saved enough money he bought … new computer. 38. It was … very stormy night. … wind was howling and … rain was beating against … windows. 39. There was … accident which held up all … traffic coming into town. 40. Obviously we aren’t going for … walk in … rain. 41. It’s pleasant to play … game of tennis on … warm summer afternoon. 42. … student at … back of … class was reading … newspaper. 43. … elephant’s trunk is very strong, it can hold … log of wood. 44. You eat too little: that amount wouldn’t keep … sparrow alive.

B. Once upon a time, there was … cat and … dog who lived in … small house. One day … cat said to … dog, ‘This place is too small for us – we need … bigger house’. … dog agreed. ‘We could even have … garden where I could bury my bones.’ ‘Well, I’m not sure … garden is a good idea’, said … cat. ‘Who would cut … grass?’ ‘We could employ … cat to do it’, said … dog. ’Why not … dog?’ said … cat. And so they never left … small house because they couldn’t agree.

C. Last summer we went to … seaside for two weeks. Unfortunately, we hadn’t booked … accommodation before we went, and we had … awful time finding … room to stay in … only room we could find was very small, but it had … lovely view of … sea and was only two minutes from … beach. … weather was very hot, and on … first day I stayed out too long. I got … terrible sunburn and had to stay in bed … next day. After that, however, everything went well and we had … wonderful holiday.
^ 16. Insert the or a zero article.

1. What … lovely weather we are having today! 2. What … charming people your parents are! 3. … Johnson are going to visit … USA and … Canada in … summer. 4. … wood is much dearer than it used to be. In fact, … wood I used to make … shelves in … living room cost me a pretty penny. 5. … pollution is one of … greatest problems facing … mankind. 6. … moon and … earth both go round … sun. 7. How delicious … cake is! 8. They have two holiday homes, one in … mountains and … other at … seaside. 9. … small room was crammed with … furniture. 10. For … further information phone … number below. 11. Many people think that … bears are … gentle animals but they can be very aggressive. 12. As far as I know she didn’t make … very impressive progress. 13. Don’t eat in this restaurant. … food is awful there. 14. When I was at … school I was really bad at … History. 15. … flood did a lot of … damage to … monuments of … city. 16. … chopsticks are used a lot in … Japan. 17. I learnt French at … school, but when I tried to speak it, … French didn’t understand me. 18. It’s more difficult to play … violin than to learn to play … tennis. 19. … government has promised to spend more on … health and .. education. 20. … police showed him lots of photographs but he wasn’t able to pick out … man who’d robbed ... bank. 21. They gave me … incorrect information. 22. … letter is from … Browns with whom I stayed … last summer. 23. … time is … money. 24. Oh, look at … time, we’d better get moving. 25. It was … only time I had ever seen her lose her temper. 26. It’s … time you were more serious. 27. … film takes us back to … time of American war of … Independence. 28. We are not going on … holiday this year – we are trying to save … money. 29. … silence was suddenly broken by a loud scream. 30. … money he borrowed from his uncle was of little help. 31. … shirts on … washing-line must be dry now.
^ 17. Insert the or a zero article.

Dear Susan,

Well, I’ve been here in … New York for two weeks now. I’m having … time of my life. I am staying with my parents’ friends, … Browns. So far I’m not missing … home at all. … Americans are very different from … English. I noticed this … moment I arrived at … Kennedy Airport, where most people were very friendly. I’ve done a lot of sightseeing since I arrived. I’ve seen all … famous sights. … ones I liked best were … Statue of Liberty and … Times Square. We are going to … Washington … next week. I’m looking forward to visiting … President’s home, … White House. Mr. Brown won’t be able to come with us as planned though, because he has … flu. He was going to drive us there but now we are going by … bus instead. Give my love to your mother and father and … family. I’ll be … home for … Christmas.

^ UNIT 3. THE PRONOUN

PERSONAL: I, he, she, it, we, you, they.

POSSESSIVE: my, his, her, its, our, your, their.

REFLEXIVE: myself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourself, yourselves, themselves.

RECIPROCAL: each other, one another.

DEMONSTRATIVE: this, these, that, those, such, the same.

INTERROGATIVE: who, whose, what, which.

DEFINING: some, every, everybody, everyone, everything, all, either, both, other, another.

INDEFINITE: some, any, somebody, anybody, something, anything, anyone, one.

NEGATIVE: no, none, neither, nobody, no one, nothing.


NOMINATIVE

OBJECTIVE

POSSESSIVE

^ ABSOLUTE FORMS

I

he

she

it

you

we

they

me

him

her

it

you

us

them

my

his

her

its

your

our

their

mine

his

hers

-

yours

ours

theirs


^ 1. Fill in the blanks with personal pronouns.

Model: Give me the pen. Give it to me.

1. I saw a teacher yesterday. I saw … . 2. Please give me the letter. Give … to me. 3. I know this man. I know … . 4. I met your parents two days ago. I met … . 5. This task was given to me and you. This task was given to … . 6. Send this parcel to Tom and Mary. Send this parcel to … . 7. Translate the text. Translate … . 8. Take these books. Take … .
^ 2. Remake the following sentences using the absolute forms of the possessive pronouns.

Model: He is my cousin. He is a cousin of mine.

1. She is their relative. She is a … .

2. He is you friend. He is a … .

3. They are his students. They are … .

4. I am you neighbour. I am a … .

5. She is his daughter. She is a … .

6. We are your colleagues. We are … .

7. They are our teachers. They are … .
3. Choose the correct pronoun.

A. 1. It may be (our, ours) dictionaries. 2. He has not read a line of (your, yours). How can he criticize (your, yours) poems? 3 His composition is much more interesting than (your, yours) or (my, mine). 4. (Their, theirs) knowledge of the subject is not much superior to (our, ours). 5. I’m afraid they will take (her, hers) advice not (your, yours). 6. All (our, ours) clothes were extremely dirty, and (my, mine) especially so. 7. Will you help me to sort out the things? I cannot tell which are (your, yours) and which are (my, mine). 8. This is (your, yours) note-book, but where is (my, mine)?

B. 1. "Let me see your passports," I gave him (my, mine) and Catherine got (her, hers) out of (her, hers) handbag. 2. Mr. Black gave (his, him) wife a bag for (her, hers) birthday. 3. I looked at (her, hers) and at none other from that moment. 4. (My, mine) nerves are as bad as (your, yours). 5. His eyes were as bright as (her, hers). 6. After all, this is (your, yours) home just as much as (my, mine). 7. My sister likes much sugar in (her, hers) tea, but I like little in (my, mine). 8. "Who can drink tea as sweet as (your, yours)", I wonder.
*Reflexive pronouns (myself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourself, yourselves, themselves) are often used with the verbs: amuse, blame, cut, dry, enjoy, hurt, introduce.

^ I enjoyed myself at the party.

We amused ourselves playing the piano and singing Christmas songs.

They are used after prepositions.

Look after yourself!

She lives by herself.

Reflexive pronouns are not used after feel, relax, concentrate, wash, dress, shave, behave.

You must try and concentrate.

But we say: Wash (dress, shave) yourself. (Помойся/ оденься/ побрейся!)

Behave yourself! (Веди себя прилично!)
^ 4. Read and translate the sentences. Notice the use and the forms of the reflexive pronouns.

1. You're a maverick like me. Always be yourself, Mai, always be true to yourself. 2. But I've forced myself to keep going, to function. Being incredibly busy works wonders. I learned that myself a long time ago. 3. Jake knew deep within himself that they were from wholly different worlds. 4. In fact, he considered himself to be in command of the situation. 5. She felt herself choking up for a reason she couldn't explain. 6. The smile spreading itself across her face was one of pure radiance. 7. Myself I never read best-sellers on principle. It's a good rule of thumb. If the masses like it, then I'm sure that I won't. 8. The seals sunned themselves on the warm rocks. 9. We prefer living by ourselves. 10. His son always gets himself in trouble. 11. Every teenager looks forward to taking the car out by himself. 12. May you not burden yourself with a need to make sense out of everything!
^ 5. Complete the following sentences using myself, himself, herself, itself, yourself (yourselves) ourselves, themselves.

1. Be careful! That pan is very hot. You can burn … .

2. Tom cut … while he was shaving.

3. Don’t worry about us. We can look after … .

4. She was beside … with anger.

5. She lives by … .

6. Behave … !

7. They enjoyed … at the party.

8. We amused … playing football on the beach.

9. Your face is dirty. Go and wash … .

10. The telephone rang while I was taking a shower. I dried … and ran into the room.
6. Fill in the blanks with suitable reflexive pronouns

1. They have only ... to blame. 2. Who knows better than Mark ... what he should do? 3. The mayor ... cut the ribbon to open the new city hospital. 4. That woman has put ... in a difficult position. 5. The governor ... will speak at the university. 6. One can easily injure ... while skiing. 7. You cannot expect a baby to take care of ... . 8. You may burn ... with matches. 9. After a busy day he likes to be .... 10. Bach dedicated ... to music. 11. We had to throw ... on the mercy of "Intourist". 12. The hunter accidentally shot ... in the foot. 13.1 had a good, proper look at ... in the mirror tonight. 14. I'm sorry that I didn't make ... clear. 15. — It's hot, Mommy. Can I take my T-shirt off? — I don't think you should, darling. I don't want you to expose ... to the sun. 16. People like to unburden ... to complete strangers. 17. He was beside ... with anger. 18. She allowed ... to be led from the room.
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