English grammar practice практикум по грамматике английского языка составители: Т. В. Кагукина


НазваниеEnglish grammar practice практикум по грамматике английского языка составители: Т. В. Кагукина
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7. Choose the correct pronoun.

1. Bob is one of (our, us, ours) best pupils. 2. I know you are nervous about the exam, but you should pull (you, yours, yourself) together before it starts. 3. Now that he was famous, he heard a lot about (him, himself, he) on TV and radio. 4. (Your, you, yours) house is not far from (our, us, ours). 5. Whose cigarettes are these? They may be (our, ours) cigarettes. Oh, yes, they are (our, ours). 6. (Our, ours) car is faster than (their, theirs). 7. There's no need for you to come, I can carry the shopping (mine, myself, itself). 8. We know (they, them, theirs) very well and both Peter and Nell know (we, us, ours). 9. You can do it without (mine, my, me) help but not without (they, their, theirs). 10. I wish you helped (yourself, myself, me) with the housework more often. 11. Amy was only three when she started to wash and dress (her, herself, itself). 12. This suitcase isn't (us, our, ours). There's somebody's name on it. 13. This is not (my, mine, me) car. (My, Mine, Me) is a 1980 model. 14. Could you help me sort out these things? I cannot tell which are (your, you, yours) and which are (we, our, ours). 15. (You, your, yours) ticket is on the table and where is (her, she, hers)? 16. He came out of the interview looking pleased with (him, himself, itself). 17. Can I borrow (your, yours, you) umbrella? - I'm sorry, it isn't (me, my, mine). 18. I'm sorry, but he's busy. Do you mind waiting for (he, him, his)? 19. Who told you about it? - A friend of (you, your, yours). 20. Don't ask for help. Do it (you, yourself). 21. Did he enjoy (him, his, himself) at the party? 22. Jill had lived by (itself, herself, her) before (her, hers) marriage, but now she was happy with her husband in (their, theirs) new house which (her, hers) husband had built (him, himself, itself).
^ 8. Insert this, that, these, those.

1. … is my pen and … is yours.

2. … are his friends and … hers.

3. Who is … man over there?

4. … is my umbrella. Where is yours?

5. … are our houses and … are theirs.

6. Can you see … building on the other side of the river?

7. We had a good time … evening.

8. Women wore long skirts in … days.

9. … is picture of my parents.
^ 9. Insert interrogative pronouns: who, what, which, whose, whom.

1. - … is that man? – My cousin. 2. - … is he? – He is a lawyer. 3. … notebook is this? 4. … did you give your notes? 5” … of them is right?” he asked. 6. … was that? – It was my friend. 7. … are you looking for? – I’m looking for my gloves. 8. … do you prefer: tea or coffee? 9. … foreign language do you speak? 10. … foreign language do you speak: English or German?
^ 10. Translate from Russian into English.

1. Кто знает этого человека? 2. Кто из вас принес письмо? 3. Кого вы ждете? 4. Кому вы дали свой словарь? 5. Чьи это брюки? 6. Это мои документы, а те – ваши. 7. Какую книгу ты купил вчера? 8. С кем ты ходил в кино? 9. Что ты знаешь об этом? 10. То мои вещи. 11. Чей это багаж? 12. Кто присматривает за детьми? 13. – Кто тот человек? – Это профессор Браун. 14. – Что вы делаете сегодня вечером? – Буду готовиться к экзамену. 15. Это словари студентов. 16. – Тот молодой человек мой брат. – Который из них? – В сером костюме.


With countable nouns plural

all (the)

With countable nouns singular and uncountable nouns (the) whole

All the books have been sold.

Have you read the whole book?

She has spent all her life in India.


^ 11. Complete the following sentences using all or whole.

1. Janet told me … about her trip to Spain. 2. We are … glad to see you. 3. … the students in the lecture–hall. 4. Have you read the … book? 5. We’ve redecorated … the rooms of the house. The … house looks new. 6. He devoted his … life to painting. 7. He was sleeping … day long. 8. He was working the … morning. 9. I’ve got … the information. 10. He spends … his free time in the library.


Много

Much + uncountable nouns:

I haven’t got much time.

Is there much milk in the fridge?

Many + plural countable noun:

^ He has lived here for many years.

Have you got many problems?

A lot of/plenty of + plural countable nouns,

+ uncountable nouns.

I’ve got a lot of books.

I know Mr. Hopper has a lot of money.

^ We have plenty of time to get to the station.

*The basic uses of much/many are:

- in negative statements: There isn’t much space in the flat. There aren’t many pandas in China.

- in questions: Is there much demand for silk stocking? Will there be many guests?

- in formal statements (= a lot of): Much money is spent for defence. Many teachers retire early.

- in time references: I have lived here for many years.

- with as…as: Take as much as you like.

- Not many/not much are used to begin a sentence: Not many know about this. Not much happens around here in winter.

We use a lot of / lots of in the affirmative: She spends a lot of money on clothes.



Мало

Little + uncountable nouns:

^ I haven’t very little time for reading.

Few + plural countable noun:

He has got very few friends.


*A little (немного) and a few (несколько) are also possible. If little/few are negative (=hardly any), a little/a few are positive (=some).
^ 12. Underline the correct item.

1. Very few/much/little people can guess what the future will be like.

2. There are very little/too much/much cars on the roads.

3. There’s a little/a few/much light coming in through that window.

4. We’re had much/very little/a lot of problems with the car.

5. Did you learn many/much/a few English on you summer course?

6. He was late because he had little/a few/a lot of work to do.

7. I’m afraid I haven’t got much/many/a little information about that matter.

8. Only a few/a lot of/a little people knew it was my birthday.

9. There are a little/much/a few sandwiches left on the table.

10. John’s schoolwork leaves lots of/many/few room for improvement.

11. Did you spend many/a few/much money on this blouse?

12. There are only a little/a few/a lot of days left before the holiday.

13. I don’t like many/much/little of Woody Allen’s films.

14. Sally ate too many/much/little cake and now she feels sick.

15. There are a lot/a little/ a few flowers in the garden.

16. I have only a little/a few/a lot of books but I’d like to have more.
Indefinite pronouns




+thing

+body/one

Use

Exceptions

Some (немного, несколько, некоторое количество)

^ There is some coffee in the cup.

I have some free time.

Something (что-то, что-нибудь)

There is something on the plate.

I have something in my pocket.

Somebody/someone

There is somebody in the room.

I usually see somebody in my dreams.

-in positive statements



In offers and polite requests:

^ Can you give me some water?

Would you ask somebody to open the door?

Have you got something to eat?

Any (сколько-нибудь, какое-то количество)

^ Is there any coffee in the cup?

Do you have any free time?

There is not any coffee in the cup.

I don’t have any free time.


Anything(что-то, что-нибудь)
Is there anything on the plate?

Do you have anything in your pocket?

There is not anything on the plate.

I don’t have anything in my pocket.

Anybody/anyone (кто-то, кто-нибудь)

Is there anybody in the room?

Do you see anybody in your dreams?

There is not anybody in the room.

I don’t see anybody in my dreams.

- in questions and negatives

With the meaning “любой”:

You can take any book you like.

Anything will do to help him.

^ Anybody can do it.


No (нисколько)

There is no coffee in the cup.

I have no free time.

Nothing (ничто)

There is nothing on the plate.

I have nothing in my pocket.

Nobody/no one (никто)

There is nobody in the room.

I see nobody in my dreams.

- in negatives




Every (каждый)

^ I do exercises every morning.

He doesn’t work from 9 to 5 every day.

Everything (всё)

Is everything ready?

Everybody, everyone (все)

Everybody was happy to meet Jack.

- all types of sentences







  1. Translate the sentences demonstrating the use of the indefinite pronouns.

1.There are some books on the shelf. 2. He sees no chairs in the room. 3. I want to tell you something interesting. 4. I know nothing about him. 5. In a small town everyone knows everything. 6. There are some people in the hall. 7. I can say nothing about it. 8. Have you got any brothers or sisters? 9. They have no time to go to the cinema. 10. Show me some new pictures. 11. Don’t tell anybody? It’s a secret. 12. There is nothing interesting in this book. 13. Give me some books to read. 14. Do you know any poems by Pushkin. 14. Every morning I get up at 7 o’clock. 15. He has no problems. 16. Give me some paper. 17. He has no mistakes in his test. 17. Do you have any friends? 18. Everybody is usually on time for work. 19. I have not any money. 20. There are no pictures in this book.


  1. Insert some, any или no.

1.There are … schools in our street. 2. Are there … pictures in this book? 3. Give me … tea, please. I am thirsty. 4. Dinner was not ready and mother gave children … bread and butter. 5. There is … tea in the cup. 6. Are there … new pupils in your class? 7. I have not got … cousins. 8. Have you got … English books at home. 9. He didn’t buy … toys yesterday because he didn’t have … money. 10. There are … pens in my pencil-box. I can not write. 11. It is winter. There are … leaves in the trees. 12. I haven’t got … sweets but I have got … apples. 13. Is there … paper on the table. 14. After dinner he drank … juice. 15. Is there … cheese on the plate. 16. I brought … books from school. 17. Is there … snow in the street today. 18. There are not … mistakes in my test. 19. There were … apples on the plate. 20. My brother doesn’t like … carrots. 21. Did you buy … potato yesterday? 22. We didn’t play … games yesterday. The weather was very bad. 23. Did you get … letters from her?


  1. Insert something, anything, nothing.

1.Is there … interesting in this book? 2. It was very dark in the room. I could see …. 3. Give me … to read, please. 4. I don’t know … about your town. 5. There is … on the table. 6. There is not … in the cup. 7. Do you want to tell me …? 8. Did you buy … at the shop yesterday? 9. We shall not buy … at the super market tomorrow. 10. Will you give Kate … as a birthday present? 11. Pete didn’t tell me … about his brother. 12. Blind people (=слепые люди) could see …. 13. I don’t want to eat …. 14. She is very lazy. She likes to do … about the house. 15. It is … wrong with the telephone. I can hear …. 16. The teacher will tell us … interesting tomorrow. 17. I want to have … to eat. I am very hungry.
^ 16. Insert somebody, anybody или nobody.

1.Has … got a book by Pushkin? 2. … called me yesterday but my mother doesn’t know who it was. 3. … took my pen yesterday and didn’t give it back. 4. There is … in the room. 5. Does … know this story? 6. I don’t know … in this room. 7. It’s a secret. Please, don’t tell … . 8. Do you think that … will come to your party tomorrow? 9. … liked the book. It was not interesting. 10. There is … at home. 11. He didn’t see … in the street yesterday. 12. Does … like milk? 13. … wrote him a letter and Jack was very unhappy.
^ 17. Underline the correct item.

1. He didn’t say anything/nothing to the police.

2. No one/Anyone was at home when I called.

3. There was hardly no one/anyone at the party.

4. I need any/some more milk for this cake.

5. I can’t find my sister anywhere/nowhere.

6. Are you going nowhere/anywhere for your holiday.

7. John goes to sleep at 11.00 pm any/every evening.

8. Call round any/some time you like.

9. He needs any/some time to work out the answer.

10. Anybody/Nobody told me you were leaving.

11. Anybody/Everybody congratulated us.

12. She goes to school every/some day.

13. Is there everything/anything good on at the cinema.

14. Will you give them nothing/some homework tonight.

15. I think there’s anything/something wrong with my car.

16. Sally isn’t going anywhere/nowhere this weekend.

17. He doesn’t want anything/nothing in particular for his birthday.

18. Shall I go and buy some/anything cheese?

19. There is nowhere/everywhere in the world I’d like to visit more than Egypt.

20. I didn’t buy some/any milk.
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