English grammar practice практикум по грамматике английского языка составители: Т. В. Кагукина

НазваниеEnglish grammar practice практикум по грамматике английского языка составители: Т. В. Кагукина
Дата публикации19.06.2013
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^ 18. Fill in: some, any, no, every or their compounds.

1. … knows that the sky is blue, but people know why.

2. If you have … questions, I’ll be in my office.

3. … wanted to miss the match so … arrived early.

4. The teacher asked if … knew the answer to her question.

5. Would you like … cheese or maybe … sweeter?

6. Have you seen Jim … ? I’ve been looking … for him.

7. If you have … spare time, there’s … I want to talk to you about.

8. … is looking for John but … has seen him since this morning.

9. I’ve never been … without finding … interesting to see.

10. If … is going to the supermarket could they get me … milk?

11. Don’t speak to me. There is … you can say to me that will make … difference to how I feel.

12. We never go … for our holidays. Why don’t we go … this year?

13. Jerry is very tidy; he won’t tolerate … being out of place.

14. “I’ll get you … coffee.” “Have you got … cold … milk perhaps?
19. translate into English.

1. В этом году Татьяна посадила у себя на даче кое-какие цветы, но не сажала никаких овощей. 2. — Есть ли смысл в том, что он говорит? — По-моему, никако­го. Любой это тебе скажет. 3. Я обычно отдыхаю с не­которыми из своих друзей. 4. У него нет никаких при­чин сердиться на нее. 5. Врач считает, что в состоя­нии больного есть некоторые улучшения. 6. У нас в доме редко бывают гости. Пригласим кого-нибудь? 7. У вас были какие-нибудь проблемы с налогами в про­шлом году? Я помню, вы говорили, что они у вас были. 8. Она редко читает газеты; говорит, что некоторые новости ее просто убивают. 9. Любое из его стихотво­рений — шедевр. 10. Не могли бы вы принести немно­го мела? 11. Любой студент знает, как труден путь к знаниям, хотя некоторые все же надеются на удачу. 12. — Мне нравится некоторая популярная музыка. А мне никакая не нравится. 13. Хочешь послушать какую-нибудь музыку? 14. Любой врач скажет вам, что курение вредно. 15. — Хочешь орешков с изюмом? — Да, орехи с фруктами очень полезны. 16. Я согласен встретиться с вами в любое время, в любом месте.
^ 20. Translate into English.

1. Что-то не так? Я вижу, что-то беспокоит тебя. 2. Ник­то не может быть в безопасности в этой горячей точ­ке (a trouble spot). Все что угодно может случиться в любой момент. 3. Ничто не может быть лучше, чем чашечка горячего чая. 4. Ей абсолютно некуда пой­ти. Ни семьи, ни друзей. 5. Он живет где-то около Там­бова. 6. Боюсь, что это никуда нас не приведет (to get). 7. Я не привередлив, мне все подойдет. 8. — Тебе есть где остановиться? — К сожалению, я никого здесь не знаю. 9. В сегодняшней программе нет ничего особен­ного. 10. Нигде он не был так счастлив, как в кругу семьи. 11. Ни один из сотрудников не говорил по-япон­ски. 12. Нам нужен кто-нибудь, кто бы сделал эту работу. 13. Знаешь, я что-то забыла взять, хотя и не помню что. 14. Тебе следовало это увидеть, это было нечто! 15. Автобус появился вдруг, словно из ниотку­да. 16. Если полиция арестует вас, ничего не говори­те, пока не приедет ваш адвокат. 17. Как видишь, ничто не изменилось. 18. Ничто не ново под луной.
^ 21. Read and translate the sentences.

1. Anybody can sing if they really want to. 2. Everybody is here, aren't they? 3. Nobody likes to be told what to do, do they? 4. Somebody has left his umbrella here, didn't they? 5. Nobody called, did they? 6. Every candidate said that they thought the interview was too long. 7. We greeted each guest as they entered. 8. Everybody had a most enjoyable time, didn't they? 9. Everyone is informed about it, aren't they? 10. Nobody agrees with him, do they? 11. Everyone will be present at the meeting, won't they?
*Both (оба): Both brothers live in Moscow.

They both graduated from Cambridge.

Both of us know this.

Both is not used in the negative sentences. Neither is used instead: Neither of them came to the party.

There is a conjunction ^ Both… and… (ии): Both Peter and Mary were there.
*Either has three meanings:

  • each of the two(любой из двух): You may take either of these two books.

  • one or the other (тот или другой): You may go by either road.

  • both (и тот и другой): There were chairs on either side of the table.

*Neither (ни тот, ни другой): Neither of the statements is true.

*There are also conjunctions: either … or (или … или), neither … nor (ни … ни):

He is either in Minsk or in Vitebsk now.

^ Neither my wife nor I liked comedies.
*Each / Every (каждый, всякий):

Each is used for a limited number of persons or things: Each person in our group has this book.

We use every when we mean an unlimited number of things or persons: Every University has a library.
^ 22. Insert either or neither.

1.I was expecting you ... today or tomorrow. 2. He spoke ... English nor French. 3. - Which one do you want? - I don't want... . 4. We can meet ... at six or at seven. 5. Nelly has two friends. ... is in town now. 6. The weather is ... cold nor warm today. 7. Doctor, you are not being ... frank or fair. 8. - Which one do you want? - I don't want ... . 9. There was no sound from ... of the flats. 10. She ... drinks, smokes, nor eats meat. 11. In ... case the answer is the same. 12. They may be ... here or there.
^ 23. Insert every or each

1. ... morning my Mom left lists a mile long for ... of us, there was so much work to do about the house. 2. Opening my bag I took out two envelopes with Dad printed across their fronts in childlike letters. Handing them to Andrew, I said, "Lisa and Jamie have ... written you a card."3. She had a present for ... child. 4. We ... have our private views about it. 5.1 loved ... minute of it. 6. They were all just sitting there, ... of them thinking private thoughts. 7. Rosie changed the subject ... time it was raised. 8. She offered us a tin of biscuits and my sister and I had one ... . 9. The government changes ... five years. 10.1 had only two suitcases, but ... weighed over twenty kilos. 11. She has ... chance of success in the life she has chosen. 12. We only save enough money to take a real vacation ... other year. 13. We saw three young elephants, ... the size of a car. 14. ... of you should sign the register before you leave. 15. ... child should be educated. It's a must. 16. He inspected ... of the cars which were in the garage. 17. We have ... completed our work.
^ 24. Underline the correct item.

1. Both/Neither Mozart and Beethoven were great composers.

2. Neither/Either Sam and David studied physics at school.

3. I finished the all/whole exercise in five minutes.

4. I’ve kept in touch with all/every my old school friends.

5. Neither/Either of the girls passed the exam. They both failed.

6. Victor goes to the same restaurant every/all day.

7. None/Each of the people he contacted every three months.

8. You’ll get fat if you eat all/none.

9. Either/Both Tom and Lynn had a good time.

10. She spent the whole/all afternoon lying on the beach.

11. Each/All of candidates will be interviewed individually.

12. None of/Every the students believed that the exam results would be released so early.

13. I don’t like either/neither of these coats. I’ll look for one somewhere else.

14. You’d better read through the all/whole contract before you sign it.

15. You’re going to have to look through each/both one of these files separately.

16. Neither/Either of the tapes you bought is the one I really wanted.

17. None of/All of the girls were ready for the dance on time. They got there late.

18. “Do you like these boots?” “No, I prefer these one/ones.”

19. Each/All one of the candidates was given a questionnaire before the interview.

20. Fiona and I went to the opera. We both/all enjoyed it very much.

21. There’s no/none space for a washing machine in my kitchen.

22. All/Every that she wants is another baby. She simply adores big families.

23. I go swimming nearly either/every day.

24. My drama group put on a play but none/all of us were pleased with the performance.
^ 25. Read and translate the sentences. Comment on the words in bold type.

1. She was now listening to whoever it was on the other end of the line. 2. And now let's go in and join the others. 3. However, there were other matters for us grown-ups to consider. 4. All European languages belong to the same family except for Finnish, Hungarian, Basque and one or two others. 5. Bees carry pollen from one plant to another. 6. The boxers went on hitting each other. 7. Some books are useful to read, others are just a waste of time. 8. He produced two films. One became a classic, the other passed unnoticed. 9. My Dad says he needs another car. 10. Some people are bitterly frustrated when this happens. Others are not. 11. One man's meat is another man's poison. 12. I've got another three books to read. 13. On the one hand it is true, on the other not quite. 14. In 1900 the Uffizi gallery in Florence had 2,395 paintings on display. Today it shows just 500. The others are locked away, almost never seen.


* Adjectives describe nouns and are the same in singular and plural. They are close friends. (What kind of friends? Close.) They can be factual (small, round, yellow etc) or opinion (awful, ugly etc). Note that after appear, be, become, get, feel, seem, sound, stay, taste we use adjectives, not adverbs. It tastes awful. (not: awfully)

* Most common adjectives (long late etc) do not have a particular ending. However, there are certain common endings for adjectives which are formed from nouns and verbs. These are:





















































* The most common prefixes used adjectives are:

a - asexual

ab – abnormal

anti - antisocial

dis - disinterested

hyper - hyperactive

il – illegible

im – immoral

in – inactive

ir – irresponsible

mal – maladjusted

non – non-existent

over – overweight

pre – prearranged

pro – pro-war

sub – sub-zero

super – superhuman

un – unavailable

under - understaffed

* Compound adjectives are formed with:

1. present participles: a long-playing record, a free-paying student.

2. past participles: cut-off jeans, undercooked meat, a rolled-up carpet.

3. cardinal numbers + nouns: a three-year contract, a ten – minute journey, a two-week course.

4. prefixes and suffixes: a modern-day costume, an open – ended discussion.

5. well, badly, ill, poorly + past participle: a poorly-kept garden, a well-timed joke, a badly-furnished room.

* Present and past participles can be used as adjectives. The lecture was boring. We were exhausted.
^ 1. Make adjectives from the following nouns and verbs.

-al- -ous- -able- -less-

agriculture ambition to enjoy use

practice curiosity to advise care

profession courage to prepare value

culture marvel to agree hope

structure humour to value power
^ 2. Complete the sentences using adjectives formed from the nouns and verbs in brackets.

1. English weather is very (to change). It is often different from day to day.

2. Long leather boots were extremely (fashion) in those days.

3. It is not (advise) to travel to that country.

4. I think people who help the old, sick and (home) are the salt of the earth.

5. He feels a bit (nerve). He is taking an exam tomorrow.

6. He is not very (care). He has made a lot of mistakes in his composition.

7. This book is very (use). It contains all necessary facts.

8. It was (care) of you to drive at full speed.

9. The two countries signed an agreement on trade and (culture) cooperation.

10. I think it’s (advise) to book the tickets in advance.
^ 3. Change the meaning of the following words from positive into negative by using one of the negative prefixes.

-in- -un- -diss-

convenient comfortable agreeable

curable pleasant honest

dependant happy pleased

definite important respectful

different friendly approval

formal forgettable
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