English grammar practice практикум по грамматике английского языка составители: Т. В. Кагукина


НазваниеEnglish grammar practice практикум по грамматике английского языка составители: Т. В. Кагукина
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14. Fill in the relevant adverbs in their comparative or superlative forms.

Bicycles look set to become 1). the most commonly … (common) used form of transport in Britain. Not only are bicycles better for the environment than cars, but they allow you to travel 2) … (convenient). You can get from point A to point B 3) … (quick) than by car and you can find somewhere to leave your bike much 4) … (easy). Many younger people now people now ride to work because they find it 5) … (good) suits their lifestyle and enables them to get around 6) … (practical). In addition, they often arrive 7) … (early) than their colleagues who drive to work and who have to wait 8) ... (long) in traffic jams then they do.
^ 15. Underline the correct word.

1. She drove very/even quickly along the lane.

2. “We will give you further/farther news as we receive it,” the newsreader said.

3. Her parents were more/most pleased when she won the prize.

4. Can’t he speak any/much louder than that? No one can hear him.

5. She plays very/much more noisily than any child I’ve ever met.
^ 16. Put the adjectives in their comparative or superlative forms.

If you want to own 1) the fastest (fast), 2) … (powerful)car on the road, you can’t go wrong with a Tornado. You will not only have 3) ... (comfortable) ride you’re ever experienced, you’ll also be 4) ... (safe) than in any other car on the market. No other manufacturer is 5) ... (careful) than we are to ensure that its safety features are of 6) … (high) possible standard. So if you want to be 7) … (proud) car owner in your neighbourhood, come and test drive the Tornado today!
^ Study the following Types of Comparisons

* as … (positive degree) … as;

not so … (positive degree) … as;

not as … (positive degree) …as;

not such … (positive degree) … as.
* twice (three times etc./half) as … (positive degree) …as
* the same as
* look, sound, smell, taste + like
* less … (positive degree) … than; the least … (positive degree) … of/in
* the + comparative …, the + comparative

* comparative + and + comparative
* prefer + -ing form or noun + to + -ing form or noun (general preference)
* would prefer + to-inf + rather than + inf without to (specific preference)
* would rather/sooner + inf without to + than + inf without to
* clause = whereas/while + clause(comparison by contrast)

For hair as soft as silk try new shampoo. The service isn’t as good as it used to be. It’s not such a long way as we thought.

She earns twice as much as me. She’s only half as well-qualified as her sister.
The Orion costs the same as the Golf.
The sounds like a good idea.
I have less free time than Cathy but Laura has the least free time of all.
The busier the roads are, the longer it will take to get there. The less you sleep, the more tired you get.

Jobs are getting harder and harder to find.
She prefers living for the moment to thinking about the future. Most people prefer summer to winter.

I would prefer to book our tickets now rather than wait until the last minute.
He’d sooner go alone than go with Edward.

Carole enjoys adventure while/whereas her sister prefers peace and guiet.




^ Like is used

* for similarities.

He works like a mule. (He isn’t a mule.)
* after feel, look, smell, sound + noun.

She looks like her mother. It smells like burnt toast.

* with nouns, pronouns or the –ing form to express similarity.

Frogs’ legs are supported to taste just like chicken. Is that your Mum? You look like her. It’s like walking on air.


As is used

* to stay what sb. or sth. really is (jobs or roles)

He works as a dentist. (He’s a dentist.)

* in certain expressions: as usual, as …as, as much, such as, the same as.

She was late as usual.

* after: accept, be known, class, describe, refer to, regard, use.

He’s regarded as an expert on computers.

* in clauses of manner to mean “in the way that”.

We must write the essay as they have shown us.


In Other Words

  • Jane is more beautiful than Mary. Mary isn’t as beautiful as Jane (is). Mary is less beautiful than Jane.

  • Can you buy a cheaper coat than that? Is that the cheapest coat you can buy?

  • Joe’s got the same number of suits as Ted. Ted has got as many suits as Joe.

  • He’s the fastest driver of all. No one else drives as fast as he does. He’s faster than any other driver. He’s a faster driver than anyone else. He drives faster than anyone else.

  • I’ve never seen such a tall man. He’s the tallest man I’ve ever seen.

  • He’s a good tennis player. He plays tennis well.

  • As he gets older, he becomes more sensible. The older he gets, the more sensible he becomes.

  • That dress is similar to this one. That dress and this one are alike.

  • Tom is very fatherly to his children. Tom behaves in a fatherly way to his children.


17. Complete the sentences using the con­structions as ... as or not so ... as/not as ... as. Choose the one from the following: high, poor, beautiful, important, tall, crowded, fast, expensive, big, lazy

1. I know that your job is important, but my job is important too, My job is… 2. The bicycle is fast, but the car is faster. The bicycle is …. 3. Her knowledge is poor, but he knows a bit more. His knowledge is…. 4. He is lazy, but his brother is lazy too. He is… . 5. Their furniture costs $700, and ours is $870. Their furniture is …. 6. France is big. Belgium is not a big country. Belgium is…. 7. Her wages are $200 a week, and mine are $150. My wages are…. 8. She is beautiful, but I like her sister better. I think, she is…. 9. He is tall, but I am taller. He is…. 10. Tverpkaya and Arbat are crowded streets. Tverskaya street is….

UNIT 5. THE VERB
5.1. THE VERB TO BE.

Present Past Future

am was shall be

is were will be

are

^ 1. Put in am, is or are.

1. The sky … very blue today. 2. I … not tired. 3. This shelf … very heavy.

4. These shelves … very heavy. 5. The child … asleep. 6. Look! This … Mabel. 7. I … cold. Can you shut the window, please? 8. The castle … one thousand years old. 9. My brother and I … good tennis players. 10. Amy … at home but her parents … in church. 11. I … a student. 12. My sister … an archeologist.
^ 2. Write full sentences. Use am /is/ are each time.

my grandparents very old

my desk very comfortable

your spectacles in your bag

I not very clever today

this house very expensive

the shops not open today

Mr. Wren’s grandson six years old

the houses in this street very big

the examination not difficult

those flowers very beautiful.
^ 3. Write questions with What / Who / How / Where / Why…? Use am / is / are.

1. What colour your house?

2. Where my key?

3. Where my trousers?

4. How old your grandmother?

5. What colour his hair?

6. How much these shoes?

7. Who your favourite actor?

8. Why you always late?
^ 4. Study the following verbal phrases be+adj/part.II

be afraid of be kind of

be angry with be late for

be ashamed of be made of

be astonished by/at be proud to

be covered with be married to

be crowded with be popular with

be disappointed with be interested in

be familiar with be proud of

be familiar to be rich in

be famous for be responsible for

be fond of be sorry for

be guilty of be tired of

be good at be used to

be keen on be short of

be grateful for be anxious about
^ 5. Complete the following sentences with the correct prepositions.

1. There is nothing to be afraid … . 2.Are you interested …music? 3. I am not familiar … this man. 4. The teacher was disappointed … his pupils results. 5. His famous … his sense of humour.6. The streets were crowded …people. 7. Why are you always late … your classes? 8. I am grateful to you …your help. 9. He was guilty … murder.10. I am not keen …going out today. 11. They couldn’t afford buying a car. They were short …money. 12 He wasn’t ashamed … what he had said.
^ 6. Translate into English.

1. Твой брат дома? 2. Сколько стоят эти открытки? 3. Эта гостиница очень дорогая. 4. Я интересуюсь искусством. 5. Все магазины сегодня открыты. 6. Музей сегодня открыт? 7. Мне жарко. 8. Моя сестра архитектор. 9. Я не устала. 10. Откуда родом ее муж? 11. Они не студенты, они врачи. 12. Тебе интересны иностранные языки? 13. Эта книга мне знакома. 14. Он вчера снова опоздал. 15. Я не очень хорошо танцую. 16. Из чего сделан этот стол. Это мрамор. 17. Он женат на моей кузине. 18. Я не думаю, что он будет разочарован. 19. Кто отвечает за эту часть работы. 20. Я не привыкла так рано вставать.
^ 7.Put in am / is / are / was / were./

1. Last year their son … 26, so he … 27 now. 2. Today the weather … nice, but yesterday it … cold. 3. I … cold Can I have something hot to drink? 4. I … hungry last night, but I …so tired that I went to bed without supper.. 5. Where … you at 10 o’clock last Sunday morning? 6. Don’t buy those shoes gloves. They … too expensive. 7. Why … you so tired yesterday? 8. We must go now. It … very late. 9. This time last year I … in England. 10. We …glad to meet them that day. 11.We … friends when we studied at school. 12. “Where… the children?” “I don’t know. They … in the garden ten minutes ago.”
^ 8. Put in was / wasn’t / were / weren’t.

1. We didn’t like that house. It… very old and it … large enough. 2. Helen got married when she … 21 years old. 3. I called you yesterday evening but you … at home. Where … you? 4. My son … at work last week because he … ill. He’s better now. 5. The shops … open yesterday because it … a public holiday. 6. “… you at home at 9.30?” “No, I … . I … at work.”
^ 9. Translate into English.

1. Где они были вчера вечером? 2. Почему ты вчера опоздал? 3. Его вчера не было в институте. 4. Меня там не было. 5. Ее не было дома в 5 часов. 6. Земля была покрыта снегом. 7. Рядом с нашим домом есть школа. Школа находится рядом с нашим домом. 8. В городе несколько театров. Театры находятся в центре города. 9. В вазе стояли цветы. Цветы стояли в вазе. 10. В театре много детей. Дети сейчас в театре. 11. Существует несколько способов решения этой задачи. Способы решения этой задачи приведены на странице 5.
^ 10. Use “there is (are)” construction in the necessary tense form.

1. Look! … their telephone number in the letter. 2.It is a very old town. … a lot of old buildings there. 3. Excuse me, … a restaurant near here? 4. How many students … in your group? 5. I was hungry but … anything to eat. 6. … a football match on TV last night. 7. … many people at the meeting? 8. Look … an accident. Call the ambulance! 9. … 24 hours in a day. 10 This box is empty …nothing in it. 11. … somebody at the airport to meet you when you arrive tomorrow. 12. When we arrived at the cinema … a long queue outside.


5.2 THE VERB TO HAVE

Present. Past Future.

have (got) had will have

has (got) shall have
* Questions and negatives with TO HAVE:

I have got an appointment with my lawyer.

Have you got an appointment with your lawyer?

I haven’t got an appointment with my lawyer.
I have an appointment with my lawyer.

Have you an appointment with your lawyer?

I haven’t an appointment with my lawyer.
I have an appointment with my lawyer.

Do you have an appointment with your lawyer?

I do not have an appointment with my lawyer.
He has got many questions.

Has he got many questions?

He hasn’t got many questions.
He has many questions.

Has he many questions?

He hasn’t many questions.
He has many questions. .

Does he have many questions?

He doesn’t have many questions.
He had a busy day yesterday.

Had he a busy day yesterday?

He hadn’t a busy day yesterday.
He had a busy day yesterday.

Did he have a busy day yesterday?

He didn’t have a busy day yesterday.

You will have all the papers tomorrow.

Will you have all the papers tomorrow?

You will not have all the papers tomorrow.
^ 1. Write negatives and questions.

  1. We had a very pleasant holiday last year.

  2. They will have a meeting on Tuesday.

  3. He has got many friends.

  4. I will have a cup of coffee.

  5. We had a nice trip.

  6. You will have a chance to go to London.

  7. I have got good recommendations from my last job.

  8. You will have problems.

  9. They had representatives from TST yesterday.

  10. He has much luggage.


^ 2. Fill the spaces with the correct forms of have, adding got where possible. Only one space will be left in each clause, but note that got may be separated from have by another word. When a negative form is required '(negative)' will be placed at the end of the example.

1. He is standing there in the rain and . . . even the sense to put up his umbrella. (negative). 2.It is no good arguing with someone who ... a bee in his bonnet. 3. Why don't you say something? You ... an excuse? (negative) 4. You . . . this toothache yesterday? 5. How many letters . . . the alphabet? 6. You ever ... an impulse to smash something? 7. Air passengers usually . . . much luggage. (negative) 8. You . . . any objection to sitting with your back to the engine? 9. Oysters . . . always pearls in them. (negative) 10. That cup ... a crack in it. 11. You . . . any suspicion who did it? 12. This desk ... a secret drawer? 13 When you go to a place for the first time, you ever ... a feeling that you've been there before? 14. Babies . . . teeth when they're born? 15. Our cat ... kittens every year. - How many she . . . each time? 16. They say that if children . . . complete freedom when they are young, they .17. You . . . mosquitoes in your country in summer? 18. You. . .children? - Yes, I... two, a boy and a girl. 19. You ... a motor cycle? - No, I only ... an ordinary bicycle, but I ... a motor cycle next year. 20. Why do you suddenly want to back out? You . . . cold feet? 21. I think I know the man you mean. He ... one blue eye and one brown one? (negative) 22. We were always getting lost in the desert. - You . . . compasses? (negative) 23. Red-haired people always . . . bad tempers? 24. Do you think we should eat this meat? It... a very nice smell. (negative) 25. The stairs are on fire! You ... a long rope?
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