IV. Объясните употребление предлогов, прочтите предложения и переведите их


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НазваниеIV. Объясните употребление предлогов, прочтите предложения и переведите их
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particular [pq’tikjulq] - particular words, particular abilities, particular

achievements, particularly, in particular

in order to [‘Ldq] - in order to develop skills, in order to achieve success, in order

to escape problems, in order to make a discovery, in order to promote

updating

by means of [mJnz] - by means of updating, by means of developing skills, by

means of important discovery


^ VI. Переведите следующие словосочетания на английский язык:

для тогo, чтобы достичь важных результатов; в соответствии с основной обязанностью; особенно в области медицины; образованные люди; получить необходимые знания; сделать важное открытие; развивать необходимые умения; говорить на иностранном языке; расширять кругозор; в мире; достижения в области образования; для того. чтобы избежать ошибок; обмен научной информацией
VII. Прочтите и переведите предложения; обращая внимание на форму

сказуемого :

1. The native speakers of English live in many countries.

2. Over 300 million people speak English.

3. Exchange of scientific information promotes development of science and practice.

4. Medical practice needs a constant updating.

5. They have universally essential skills.

6. It makes doctor’ outlook wider.

7. Educated people play a full and active role in community.
VIII. Раскройте скобки, употребив соответствующую форму глагола в

Present Simple:

1. I (to study) at the Medical University.

2. It (to help) you to make your outlook wider.

3. Many people (to speak) English.

4. This discovery (to promote) important information.

5. My friend (to need) my help.

6. The students (to work) hard to be good specialists.

7. Scientific achievements (to play) an important role in our life.

8. Education (to develop) person’s abilities and skills.
^ IX. Образуйте степени сравнения от следующих прилагательных и

наречий:

important, active, wide, many, small, necessary, bad, educated, late, good, much,

difficult, little, well
X. Переведите следующие словосочетания на русский язык:

the most important in the world, more developed countries, wider development, mostly in practice, less educated people, more necessary knowledge, to make outlook wider, more than 300 million people, to know worst of all, the most qualified doctors, a little later, most of information , at least
^ XI. Прочтите и переведите предложения с модальными глаголами

1.His sister can speak English well. 2. They must work hard. 3. I may come later.

4. They should read more. 5. Parents might visit their child in the hospital. 6. The

students could do a very difficult task. 7. He should pass the exam to get a stipend.

8. The surgeon can do such operations.
XII. Поставьте предложения из упражнения XI в отрицательную и

вопросительную форму:

XIII. Вместо точек вставьте соответствующий модальный глагол

(can/could, may/might, must, should:

1. He … read texts in the original. 2. The patient’s condition was better and he …

walk. 3. You … not make so many mistakes. 4. I … not come to see you

yesterday. 5. The doctors … diagnose diseases correctly. 6. Students … work hard

to be good specialists. 7. The patient … not get up after operation. 8. I … not

translate the text because I had no dictionary. 9. … I take your textbook? 10. …

you help me with this exercise?
XIV. Ответьте на вопросы:

1. Can you speak English well? 2. Must you work hard to be a good specialist?

3. Could you understand Latin when you were at school? 4. Should you read more literature in English? 5. May you be late for classes? 6. Must you know anatomy well? 7. Should you remember more medical terms? 8. Must doctors diagnose different diseases? 9. Can you read English books in original? 10. May the first-year students operate patients? 11. Can a foreign language make our outlook wider?
XV. Прочтите и переведите текст:
^ ENGLISH AND ITS ROLE FOR MEDICAL STUDENTS

Nowadays English is the most important language in the world. The native speakers of English live in Great Britain , the United States of America, Australia and New Zealand. English is one of the official languages in the Irish Republic, Canada, the South Africa. English is one of the official languages of the United Nations and other political organizations. So over 300 million people speak it.

Scientific and medical achievements break actively into life. Exchange of scientific information promotes wide development and introduction of science into practice in different countries. Half of the world’s scientific literature is in English.

Among all professional activities, the medical practice mostly needs a constant updating of know-how. That’s why a good knowledge of foreign languages by medical students is the main obligation of tomorrow’s medical doctors. To know English today is absolutely necessary for every educated person, for every good specialist in medicine.

According to the WHO doctors of tomorrow must be the “five-star doctors”. They must have universally essential skills: the care-provider, decision-maker, communicator, community leader and manager.

In order to achieve these, medical students should study and work hard. Life-long learning in medicine is a natural process. Qualified doctors must read a lot of special books and foreign medical journals in the original. It makes doctor’s outlook wider and helps him to escape many mistakes, to develop ability to discover how to find important knowledge and information about a particular field of medicine, to develop ability to work in real time. And by means of learning and mastering English they can play a full and active role in community and in profession.
TASKS
^ I. Analyze and find which word does not suit here:

1. a. Great Britain b. Canada c. the WHO d. the USA

2. a. study b. be c. speak d. among

3. a. in b. of c. range d. about

4. a. updating b. medical c. scientific d. natural

5. a. leader b. full c. manager d. provider
^ II. Complete the following sentences:

1. English is the most important …

2. The native speakers of English live in …

3. Over 300 million people …

4. Scientific and medical achievements …

5. According to the WHO doctors of tomorrow must …

6. Qualified doctors must read a lot of …

7. To know English today is absolutely …
III. Answer the following questions:

1. What language is the most important language in the world?

2. Where do the native speakers of English live?

3. How many people speak English as their mother language?

4. Why is a good knowledge of foreign languages the main obligation of tomorrow’s

doctors?

5. Should medical students study and work hard in order to achieve a good knowledge

of English?

6. Can it increase their professional and intercultural outlook?

7. Do you like to study English?
^ IV. Learn the following forms of agreement and disagreement:

I agree (with you)- я согласен (с вами)

I disagree – я не согласен

You are (absolutely) right - вы (абсолютно) правы

You are wrong - вы неправы

You are mistaken – вы ошибаетесь

I think so – думаю, что так

I don’t think so – я так не думаю

I’m afraid – боюсь …

to my mind – по-моему

of course

certainly конечно, обязательно

sure

as far as I know - насколько мне известно
^ V. Express your agreement or disagreement using the forms from the exercise IV:

1. Nowadays English is the most important language in the world.

2. The native speakers of English live only in England.

3. All world’s scientific literature is in English.

4. To know English today is necessary for every educated person.

5. In order to be a good specialist it is not necessary to read special literature.

6. According to WHO doctors of tomorrow must speak only their native language.

7. Learning and mastering English help people to play an active role in community.
^ VI. Read and translate the text:

There are some rules of memory. It is necessary to repeat the material every three days. If you don’t repeat the material within three days most of the information vanishes as if you never learnt it. It is better to memorize material before you go to bed. You will memorize it more quickly. It is very useful to listen to the material you are learning to memorize the pronunciation. One should also know that we get 90% of information by teaching others only 20% by listening and 30% by seeing.
VII. Express your opinion why it is important for you to study English.

LESSON 3
Грамматика: Past Simple, причастия в роли определения
^ MEDICINE: HISTORY (PART I)

Запомните:

-ant, (-ent) – суффиксы прилагательных.

При помощи суффикса – ize образуются глаголы. Вариантами этого суффикса являются - yse, -yze, - ise.
^ I. Прочтите и переведите:

1. important, ancient, different, present

2. specialize, hospitalize, organize, analyze, summarize


II. Прочтите слова, определите части речи (существительные, прилагательные. глаголы, наречия) и переведите их:

surgical, treatment, trepanation, important, specialize, internal, ancient, acupuncture, prevention, successfully, plastic, natural, achievement, largely, contribution, scientific, founder, greatly, education, accurately
^ III. Прочтите слова и дайте их русские эквиваленты:

prehistoric [prihis’tOrik], trepanation [,tripq’neiSn], progress [‘prougrqs], civilization [,sivilQi’zeiSn], specialize [‘speSqlQiz], acupuncture [,qekju’pANtSq], amputation [,xmpju’teiSn], practice [‘prqektis], religion [rq’liGqn], theory [‘Tiqri], empire [‘empQiq], encyclopedia [en,sQiklou’pJdjq], meningitis [,menin’GQitis], spirit [‘spirit]
^ IV. Запомните произношение следующих названий:

Egypt [‘JGipt] - Egyptian [I’GipSqn]

China [‘CQinq] - Chinese [CQi’nJz]

India [‘indjq] - Indian [‘indjqn]

Middle East [,midl’Jst] - Middle Eastern [‘Jstqn]

Greece [grJs] - Greek [ grJk]

Rome [roum]– Roman [roumqn]

Islamic Empire of Southwest [‘sQuTwest] - Arab [‘qerqb], Arabian [q’reibjqn]

Central Asia ‘[sentrql ‘eiSq]

Europe [‘juqrqp] - European [juqrq’piqn]
^ V. Выучите следующие слова и словосочетания:

to believe [bi’lJv] – верить, считать, полагать

angry [‘xNgri] – злой

disease [di’zJz]– болезнь

to cut (cut, cut) – резать

skull – череп

to release [ri’lJs] – выделять. высвобождать

to treat [trJt] – лечить

internal [in’tWnql] – внутренний

ancient [‘einSqnt]– древний

to contribute [kqn’tribjHt] – способствовать, вносить вклад

to prevent [pri’vent] – предупреждать, предотвращать

successful [sqk’sesful] – успешный

to perform [pq’fLm] – выполнять, проводить

kind [kQind] – вид, тип, сорт; добрый

to include [in’klHd] – включать (в себя)

physician [fi’ziSn]–врач

to cause [kLz] – вызывать, быть причиной

cause – причина

to consider [kqn’sidq] – думать, считать, полагать

health [helT] – здоровье

findings [‘fQindiNz] – данные, результаты

to describe [dis’krQib] – описывать

to influence [‘influqns] – влиять

surgeon [‘sWGqn] – хирург

surgery [‘sWGqri]– хирургия
^ VI. Образуйте глаголы от следующих существительных и переведите их:

treatment, operation, development, specialization, contribution, prevention, cause, knowledge, achievement, founder, production description, influence, education
^ VII. Прочтите и переведите:

ancient [‘einSqnt] - ancient Greece, ancient Egypt, ancient times, ancient people,

ancient civilization

to treat [trJt] - to treat internal diseases, to treat people, to treat patients, a new

method of treatment

to perform [pq’fLm] - to perform operations, to perform laboratory work, to

perform analyses, to perform treatment

to cause [kLz]- to cause symptoms, to cause diseases, to cause health problems,

important causes, causes of thee disease

findings [‘fQindiNz] - important findings, interesting findings, new findings,

laboratory findings, to include findings

to influence [‘influqns] - to influence our life , to influence people’s health, to

influence the method of treatment, under the influence

successful [sqk’sesful] - successful operation, successful results, to achieve

success, to pass exams successfully

surgeon [‘sWGqn] - a famous surgeon, ancient surgeons, in the field of surgery,

surgical treatment, surgical department
VIII. Подберите русские эквиваленты к следующим английским словосочетания:

1. diseases of eyes and teeth 1. лечение заболевания

2.public health 2. делать отверстие

3.to cause disease 3. каменные инструменты

4. medical achievements 4. здравоохранение

5. surgical treatment 5.самый важный вклад

6. the most important contribution 6. достижения в области медицины

7. scientific experiments 7. научные эксперименты

8. to cut a hole 8. заболевания глаз и зубов

9. treatment of disease 9. вызывать заболевание

10. stone instruments 10. хирургическое лечение
^ IX. Назовите 3 формы глагола:

to believe, to consider, to know, to treat, to develop, to call, to begin, to contribute, to cut to perform, to become, to get, to achieve, to make, to do

X. Прочтите и переведите предложения:

1. The first “physicians “ used stone instruments.

2. The Egyptians began making important medical progress.

3. Egyptian physicians began to specialize.

4. Some physicians treated only diseases of the eyes and teeth.

5. Ancient Chinese developed the practice of acupuncture.

6. Indian surgeons performed many kinds of operations.

7. The Romans got most of their medical knowledge from Egypt and Greece.

8. The Greek physician Galen performed experiments on animals.

9. The Arab physician Avicenna produced a vast medical encyclopedia.

10. He described meningitis and many other diseases.

11. This book became popular in Europe.

12. It influenced medical education for more than 600 years.
XII. Поставьте сказуемое в Present Simple:

1. The surgeon performed very difficult operations.

2. Doctors began to specialize in acupuncture.

3. These findings contributed to medical progress.

4. this work influenced medical education.

5. I used new achievements in my scientific work.

6. He wrote articles on skull trepanation.

7. A group of physicians made a very important discovery.

8. The scientific article described new methods in plastic surgery.

9. He used new findings in his report.

10. The scientists achieved great success.
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