Семья и семейная жизнь


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МИНИСТЕРСТВО ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ РЕСПУБЛИКИ БЕЛАРУСЬ

УЧРЕЖДЕНИЕ ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ

«БАРАНОВИЧСКИЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ»

А.Б.ЩУЦКИЙ, В.К. КОНОВАЛИК, Е.Г. КАРАПЕТОВА


СЕМЬЯ И СЕМЕЙНАЯ ЖИЗНЬ
FAMILY & FAMILY LIFE


Учебно-методическое пособие по английскому языку

для студентов

лингвистических специальностей


Рекомендовано к печати

научно-методическим советом университета

Барановичи

РИО БарГУ

2010

Авторы:

А. Б. Щуцкий, В. К. Коновалик, Е. Г. Карапетова

Рецензенты:
О. Ю. Гаврилова, кандидат филологических наук, доцент МГЛУ;

А. В. Никишова, кандидат филологических наук, доцент БарГУ

^ Семья и семейная жизнь = Family & Family Life [Текст]:

учеб.-метод. пособие для студентов лингвистических специальностей / А. Б. Щуцкий [и др. ]. – Барановичи: РИО БарГУ, 2010.


Данное учебно-методическое пособие предназначено для студентов старших курсов лингвистических специальностей по дисциплинам «Практика устной и письменной речи английского языка», «Дискурсивная практика» и «Дискурсивная практика: социокультурный аспект иноязычного общения». Пособие состоит из трех разделов, содержащих учебный материал по теме «Семья и семейная жизнь», двух приложений с аутентичными текстами, предназначенными для самостоятельного изучения, а также контрольными заданиями по изученной тематике.

CONTENTS


^ UNIT 1. WHAT CONSTITUTE A FAMILY





Nuclear Family. Extended family. Changes in the American family.................................................................



4 - 10

Listening comprehension exercises .................................


10 -19

The American family: then and now .................................


19 - 24

Listening Comprehension. Non-traditional families in the USA....................................................................................



24 - 27

Vocabulary revision and development ..............................


27 - 36

Reading comprehension texts and exercises. Kinds of modern families. ..................................................


36 - 46


^ UNIT 2. LOVE & MARRIAGE





Weddings and wedding rituals ................................


47 -50

Courtship and mate selection. Dating and getting married ....................................................................



50 -56

Reading comprehension. Dance cards ....................


56 -61

Reading comprehension. Starting relationships ......


61 - 67

Listening comprehension. Song: Return to sender ..................................................................................



67 -68

Betrothal and marriages stages ...............................


68 - 72

Prenuptial agreements, arranged marriages, marriages by post, kindred sprits. Listening and reading comprehension ..........................................




72 - 81

What would you do for your loved one? ..................

81 - 83


^ UNIT 3. FAMILY LIFE




On Marriage ............................................................


84 -86

Listening comprehension. Couch potato .................


86 - 88

Listening comprehension. How to avoid conflicts.....


89

Reading comprehension. Problems in the family ....


89 - 93

Reading comprehension. Adultery: the Intimate Fraud ......................................................................


93 - 97

Reading comprehension. Bringing up children ........


97-101

Vocabulary development .........................................


101-105

Listening comprehension. How children’s position in the family affects their personality ........................



105 - 107

Children’s problems in the family..............................


107 -113

Listening comprehension. Watch out! Daniel’s about .......................................................................



113 - 117

Reading comprehension. Reunion ..........................


118 - 124

Reading comprehension. Occupation: Housewife. Domestic division of labour ......................................


124 - 129


Supplement 1. Texts for individual study and presentation in class ..............................................





130 - 162

Supplement 2. Revision & Self-control ...................

163 - 172



UNIT 1
^ WHAT CONSTITUTES A FAMILY?
Vocabulary revision & development
1. Below are several definitions of the notion ‘family’. Read them carefully and explain the differences in meaning. You may resort to Russian translation, if necessary.
a. a group consisting of one or two parents and their children

b. a group consisting of one or two parents, their children and close relations.

c. all the people who are related to each other, including those who are now dead.

d. a couple’s or a person’s children, especially young children.

e. a group of related animals and plants; a group of related things, especially languages.
^ 2. Now read the examples with ‘family’ and say which definition (a, b, c, d or e) fits it best. Try and use a synonym to explain the meaning in question.
1 All our family came to Granddad’s eightieth birthday party.

2 The support of family and friends is vital.

3 Almost every family in the country owns a television.

4 All my family enjoy skiing.

5 This painting has been in our family for generations.

6 Lions belong to the cat family.

7 I addressed it to Mr and Mrs Jones and family.

8 English belongs to the Germanic family of languages.

9 My son and his wife are coming for Christmas and they're going to bring the family.

10 My family came to Canada in the 19th century.
^ 3. Now summarize all the meanings that the word ‘family’ has.
Example: The word ‘family’ has several meanings.

In the first place, its primary meaning is that of

....................................................................
^ 4. Below are collocations frequently used in family contexts. Match them with their meanings on the right.


1. a blended family


- a family in which the children live with one parent rather than two.


2. a nuclear family



a family that consists of two people and their children from their own relationship and from previous ones.


3. an extended family


- a family group with a close relationship among the members that includes not only parents and children but also uncles, aunts, grandparents, etc.


4. the first family



- a family that consists of father, mother and children, when it is thought of as a unit in society.


5. a joint family


- a family structure in which grandparents, uncles, aunts and cousins are considered as a single unit living in one house.


6. a one-parent 'family (also a lone-parent family, single-parent family)


- the family of the President of the United States.



7. an immediate family

an imaginary family who originally appeared in a US cartoon strip and then in a humorous television programme and in films. They are very interested in death and frightening things, and think that they are normal even though they seem very strange to everyone else.


8. the Addams Family


- the closest relations.

9. the Holy Family


- Jesus, his mother Mary, and her husband Joseph.



^ 5. Make up as many collocations as possible with the words outside the oval. Explain their meanings.
budget jewels hotel



man album

estate physician

friend planning status

^ 6. Match the labels on the left with the groups of words they belong to.


1 - a group of people who are related to each other


A: family home/business/argument etc; domestic violence/trouble/argument etc;

^ 2 - things that happen in a family or belong in a family

B: relative/relation of; close relative/relation, distant relative/relation, no relation to somebody; next of kin.


3 - someone who belongs to your family


C: be related, be related to, be descended from.

^ 4 - to belong to the same family

D: mother-in-law/son-in-law etc; stepmother/stepson/stepsister etc., half-brother/half-sister, by marriage; in-laws.


5- people who are related to you because of marriage

E: member of a family, immediate family, nuclear family, extended family, one-parent family/single-parent family, big/large/small family.


6 - people who were in the same family as you a long time ago


F: ancestor, descendant (of), forefathers.



Reading & Discussing
^ 1. Read the texts below and discuss the questions that follow.

Nuclear Family. Extended Family
In the Far, Middle and Near East and in parts of Africa, South America and Europe, the first thing most Western people notice is the respect everyone has for the old. Older men and women live with their married children and are important members of the family. They look after the children, help with the cooking, give advice and often rule family life. Living in an extended family has advantages for everyone. A small child, for example, knows many people from the very beginning, not just his mother and father. When his mother goes out, it doesn’t matter. He’ll stay with someone who loves him. – an aunt or sister or grandmother.

For a young mother or father there are also some advantages. They can go out to work and grandmother will look after the house and the children.

This is especially important in farming communities, where both men and women work in the fields.

And the older woman, for example, has something important to do. She sees her children and grandchildren grow up. She is needed and loved. The nuclear family is the product of the West. The typical family consists of mother, father and two children. If the mother goes out, she must leave them with a stranger – someone who looks after them as a job, for money. If there is a divorce or separation the child’s life will change completely.

As for the old, too many older people live alone – in special flats or homes. They hardly ever see their children and grandchildren. They have nothing important to do. They are often poor and lonely. In the winter many old people die of cold or from falls in the house – because there is no one to look after them. Nobody cares.

In the USA, many old people go to Florida when they retire and live in large parks. Often these parks are for old people only. Neither children nor pets can live there.
^ Changes in the American Family
In the nineteenth century in the United States, it was not unusual for extended families of uncles, aunts, cousins and grandparents to live together in the same home. Then, in this century, nuclear families became popular. Only the parents and their children lived together. Recently, in the United States, many parents and children have begun living with grandparents again. Often, parents and children don’t want to send their parents and grandparents to a special nursing home for older people. They think it is better to take care of the elderly person at home.

Of course, there can be problems which people of three generations live in the same house. Grandparents are often more permissive than parents, and they let children do what they want. But most American parents feel that it is better to be strict; they feel that children should follow rules. Parents think that grandparents, who don’t make children mind, will spoil them. Then the children won’t obey anyone as they are growing up.

But having grandparents in the home can also be fun. For example, everyone enjoys the stories the older people tell and the interesting things that they can teach the other family members. Americans are learning that having elderly people in the home can be a wonderful experience.
Questions:
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