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|Assignments for self-control|
Structural parts of speech
Choose the correct variant. Check your answers in the keys.
1. He seemed _____ all the friendliness he had shown at our previous meeting.
a) to loose b) to be lost c) to have lost d) to have been loosing
2. I returned to my room one afternoon _____ Rex waiting for me.
a) finding b) to find c) having found d) to have found
3. They went off, _______ us to face the situation.
a) living b) having left c) to be leaving d) to leave
4. I didn’t mind _______ about them a bit.
a) to be thinking b) to think c) thinking d) having thought
5. Then he condescended _______ himself.
a) explaining b) being explained c) to have explained d) to explain
6. I remember ______ for a drive by a kind lady who wanted to show me round.
a) being taken b) taking c) to have taken d) to be taken
7. He began _______ the draught of a new plan that afternoon, just to see how it looks.
a) writing b) being written c) to write d) to be writing
8. El was still not sure why he had called up, but he felt better for ______ so.
a) being done b) having done c) having been done d) doing
9. The man of letters is accustomed ___ writing.
a) of b) in c) about d) to
10. Some people were nice ___ turning me down.
a) in b) about c) of d) to
11. She was quick ___ finding out things.
a) in b) of c) at d) about
12. From the age of four, I had been used to ______ with ideas.
a) living b) being lived c) having lived d) live
13. Did he ever ask you _____ or talk about marrying?
a) to engage b) engaging c) being engaged d) to be engaged
14. I’m sorry _____ you such distress.
a) to cause b) to have caused c) to be causing d) to be caused
15. “Of course”, I said, disappointed at______ such a trifling commission.
a) giving b) having given c) being given
16. He couldn’t recollect ever ______ the man before in his life
a) having seen b) seeing c) being seen d) having been seen
17. So I got out my Norfolk suit, which already had the appearance of _____ away for a long time.
a) having put b) having been put c) putting d) being put
18. _____ down to this place for a visit, he found himself requested by his host to go and tell his uncle bedtime stories.
a) having been invited b) having invited c) being invited d) inviting
19. _____ the door with only the lightest slam, they went out together.
a) having closed b) being closed c) closing
20. I found the room with a Spartan simplicity.
a) furnishing b) to have furnished c) to be furnished d) furnished
Review the following topics:
1. State the difference between Notional and Structural Parts of Speech.
2. Name Structural Parts existing in English.
3. Give the definition of the Preposition. Comment on the classification and morphological composition of prepositions in English.
4. Give the definition of the Conjunction. Comment on the morphological composition of conjunctions.
5. State the difference between co-ordinating and subordinating conjunctions. Comment on the classification of conjunctions.
6. Give the definition of the Particle. State its function and meaning.
7. Give the definition of the Interjection. State its morphological and syntactic peculiarities.
8. Comment on the meaning of interjections.
9. State the difference between primary and secondary interjections
Exercise 1. State the morphological composition of the following prepositions:
In, below, with regard to, during, concerning, till, in front of, without, behind, under, in view of, outside, off, into, until, across, according to, with, along, up, inside, out of, owing to, at, regarding.
Exercise 2. Insert prepositions and define their meaning where possible.
1. The life ____ the Dutch settlement now began to be built into the life ____ the American nation. This these people did consciously and ____ their own will, although there were — the older ones some who longed, as did even Mijnheer Stulting ____ times, ____ the comfort and security ____ his old home. It had been a sad blow ____ him when the pastor died ____ the early years and he was never again satisfied altogether ____ any who tried to take his place. 2. Bitterly tired, he lay down ____ the sofa ____ his fur coat and fell asleep. 3. ____ the appointed time ____ the evening Mr. Micawber reappeared 4. They were ____ earnest conversation. ____ time ____ time they would halt and one ____ them would, it seemed, explain something ____ the other, who ____ turn would nod his head sagely. 5. There was only one other event ____ this half-year, that made an impression ____ me which still survives. 6. He reached his house ____ midnight. 7. He looked ____ his watch ____ half an hour the doctor would be back. 8. Bing went ____ the soldier, who had the serious face ____ a child thrown ____ the world too soon. 9. He stared ____ her ____ amazement. He had forgotten that she was ignorant ____ his story and ____ his flight ____ Carlion. 10. ____ these studies the excellent Mrs. O'Dowd was ____ great assistance ____ him. 11. A child ____ 1901, he had come ____ consciousness when his country, just over that bad attack ____ scarlet fever, was preparing ____ the Liberal revival ____ 1906. 12. Mrs. Reed's hands still lay ____ her work inactive, her eyes ____ ice continued to dwell freezingly ____ mine. 13. When ____ the first week ____ December he decided to go ____ Paris, he was far ____ admitting that Irene's presence was influencing him. 14. Stroeve was, of course, delighted ____ her. He could not do enough to show his gratitude ____ the whole hearted devotion ____ which she had accepted the burden he laid ____ her. 15. Just before Christmas, Reggie Burnside passed ____ London ____ his way ____ Murren. He dropped ____ Elizabeth's studio ____ tea. 16. One autumn morning I was ____ my mother ____ the front garden, when Mr. Murdstone, I knew him ____ that name now, came by ____ horseback. 17. He was proud ____ this enlistment; proud ____ his boy for going off to fight ____ the country. 18. An accidental circumstance cemented the intimacy ____ Steerforth and me, ____ a manner that inspired me ____ great pride and satisfaction though it sometimes led ____ inconvenience.
Exercise 3. Insert by or with.
1. The Germans, he had been assured ____ everybody, were on the run, and it was unlikely that they would stop running so soon. 2. He was busy making entries ____ a lead pencil in a book which lay open before him. 3. Both men were loaded down ___ field equipment and the bottles contributed ____ the grateful people of Paris. 4. They dined in the small restaurant, which had been "decorated" ____ rather feeble pictures ____ young artists. 5. But the nearer he came to the centre of the town, the more difficult it was to walk; the road was strewn ____ stones and bricks and rubble. 6. I remember being met at the Zoo station ____ one of their scholars. 7. He sat down vigorously and lighted a cigarette ____ trembling hands. 8. The streets, crowded ____ people, still reminded Yates of the first days in Paris, the honeymoon of liberation. 9. She had been appointed ____ one of Rainborough's predecessors. 10. The hills around Rollingen, usually illuminated ____ the fires in the blast furnaces, were crowded ____ the lightning of far-off guns.
Exercise 4. State the morphological composition of the following conjunctions:
For, as well as, unless, now that, and, neither... nor, while, although, not only... but also, provided, as though, supposing, no sooner... than, or, so that, if, both... and, as long as, so, either... or, as... as, when, until, before, after, as if, as soon as, lest, for fear that, notwithstanding, nor.
Exercise 5. Point out all the co-ordinating conjunctions and define the group each belongs to. Translate into Russian.
1. The stranger had not gone far, so he made after him to ask the name. 2. Be quick, or it may be too late. 3. Real accuracy and purity she neither possessed, nor in any number of years would acquire. 4. Mrs. Septimus Small let fall no word, neither did she question June about him. 5. The river was not high, so there was not more than a two or three mile current. 6. It seemed to him that he could contrive to secure for her the full benefit of both his life insurance and his fire insurance. 7. Karl is solid and extremely certain of himself, while Joseph on the other hand, though no less certain of himself, is a good deal less solid. 8. He could see no one, and he began to believe that either his instinct had deceived him, or else that the shadowing was over. 9. But for a long time we did not see any lights, nor did we see the shore, but rowed steadily in the dark riding with the waves.
Exercise 6. Point out all the subordinating conjunctions and say what kind of subordinate clauses they introduce. Translate into Russian.
1. She stood quite silent while Butler appealed to her. 2. Since Miss Wilfer rejected me, I have never again urged my suit. 3. Whenever I looked at Susan she gave me a frank full-hearted smile. 4. So the tiny woman closed the shut-ter of the cottage window and fastened the door, and trembling from head to foot for fear that any one should suspect her, opened a very secret place, and showed the Princess a shadow. 5. And yet tired though he was after his three long days, Soames dreaded the moment when the car should stop. 6. I extinguished my taper, locked my bureau, and left her, since she would not leave me. 7. Once they reached the open country the car leapt forward like a mad thing. 8. He was a tall fellow with a very wide mouth and prematurely bald in front, so that he appeared to have a colossal forehead. 9. The reference was as plain as it was unexpected. 10. Early as he was, another man was there before him. 11. We're as we're made. 12. They were all smiling widely at me as I came toward them. 13. He was a fattish, worried, untidy man, always looking as if he had slept in the expensive clothes he wore. 14. Mr. Pancks has come down into the Yard to-night, on purpose that you should hear him. 15. The most I can say now is that it is very cold in San Francisco, and I am freezing. 16. Give me your promise that this shall be done. 17. In that small room he seemed even bigger than I remembered him. 18. Whatever I intend to do I'll do without advice from the outside.19. Breakfast was not yet over before the men came to put up the marquee. 20. He prized the pencil, because it had been a gift from his mother. 21. As soon as he had gone, I looked at the clock. 22. After a sleepless night, he wrote his resignation to the chairman of the board of directors, in order that he should be prepared to hand it to him at once.
Exercise 7. Point out the particles and define the group each belongs to. Translate into Russian.
1. It is just because I want to save my soul that I am marrying for money. 2. Rosa feared this power, but she enjoyed it too. 3. Oh, doctor, do you think there is any chance? Can she possibly survive this last terrible complication? 4. We merely want to see the girl and take her away. 5. I shall also try to be there at ten. 6. Don't come any nearer. You're at just the right distance. 7. He had taken up with it solely because he was starving. 8. Soames was but following in the footsteps of his father. 9. I am interested only in man. Life I love and before death I am humble. 10. Just then the telephone rang. 11. Tom, you'll manage it and if you do I'll give you something ever so nice. 12. He needed the peculiar sympathy that a woman alone can give. 13. She ought to have written at once and told him exactly what had happened. 14. I think, he's been a simply perfect father, so long as I can remember. 15. They did not even look at him. 16. Not a career for a man of his ability. 17. We followed him along the corridor. He never looked back, he never hesitated.
Exercise 8. Point out all the interjections and say whether they are emotional or imperative. Translate into Russian.
1. "The Boers are a hard nut to crack, uncle James." "Hmm!" muttered James. "Where do you get your information? Nobody tells." 2. "Oh! My eye!" he said looking very low-spirited, "I am sorry for that." 3. "Good Lord!" said Fleur. "Am I only twenty-one? I feel forty-eight." 4. "Good Heavens!" cried my mother, "you'll drive me mad!" 5. Heavens! How dull you are! 6. "Oh, Karen," he said, "it's good to have you around!" 7. Alas! The white house was empty and there was a bill in the window. 8. A man jumped on top of the barricade and, waving exuberantly, shouted. "Americains! Hurrah." 9. Hallo, Michael! I'm rather late; been to the club and walked home. 10. Ah! you are both of you good-natured. 11. "Hark!" cried the Dodger at this moment, "I heard the tinkle," catching up the light, he crept softly upstairs. 12. "Who is that?" she cried. "Hush, hush!" said one of the women, stooping over her. 13. Well, I don't like those mysterious little pleasure trips that he is so fond of taking. 14. Now, Maria, here is a character to your taste. 15. Here! I've had enough of this. I'm going.
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