The English language has developed from an Anglo-Saxon base of common words: household words, parts of the body, common animals, natural elements, most


НазваниеThe English language has developed from an Anglo-Saxon base of common words: household words, parts of the body, common animals, natural elements, most
Дата публикации30.05.2013
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The English language has developed from an Anglo-Saxon base of common words: household words, parts of the body, common animals, natural elements, most pronouns, prepositions, conjunctions and auxiliary verbs. Other modern words in English have developed from five sources. These are discussed below. Words Created From Nothing

Examples of words that have just appeared in the language out of nothing are byte, dog (replacing the earlier hund), donkey, log, googol, quasar and yuppie. The latter two are acronyms (words made from initials).

Shakespere coined over 1600 words including countless, critical, excellent, lonely, majestic, obscene.

From Ben Johnson we got damp, from Isaac Newton centrifugal and from Thomas More: explain and exact.

Words Created In Error:The vegetable pease was thought to be a plural so that the individual item in the pod was given the name pea. The verb laze was erroneously created from the adjective lazy. The word buttonhole was a mis-hearing of button-hold.

English has borrowed words from a variety of sources and other languages. Three examples show this. Orange The name of the fruit was NARANJ in Sanskrit. This language was spoken in ancient India. Chocolate When the Spanish arrived in Mexico they came across the Aztecs. Algebra This is a mathematical term. It comes from Arabic. Changes In Words


Many words used in modern English have changed their meaning over the years. The word silly meant blessed or happy in the 11th century going through pious, innocent, harmless, pitiable, feeble, feeble minded before finally ending up as foolish or stupid.

Pretty began as crafty then changed via clever, skilfully made, fine to beautiful.

The word nice meant stupid and foolish in the late 13th Century. It went through a number of changes including wanton, extravagant, elegant, strange, modest, thin, and shy. By the middle of the 18th Century it had gained its current meaning of pleasant and agreeable.

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