You are going to read an article about a weekend of adventure. For each of the questions 1-7, choose the answer (A, B, C, or D) which you think fits best according to the text


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НазваниеYou are going to read an article about a weekend of adventure. For each of the questions 1-7, choose the answer (A, B, C, or D) which you think fits best according to the text
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Time: 45 minutes
Text 1

You are going to read an article about a weekend of adventure. For each of the questions 1-7, choose the answer (A, B, C, or D) which you think fits best according to the text.
A Weekend with the Wild Ones
They were just ordinary people – including a social worker, an engineer, an aromatherapist and a student. But for one weekend they became intrepid, tasting the thrills of caving, abseiling and archery.
We met on Friday night: an ordinary bunch of people seeking an escape from our everyday life. Justin and James, our good-looking, fit and patient instructors laid out what they had in store for us. The menu included: an assault course, caving, canoeing, orienteering, archery, rock-climbing and even abseiling off a 30-meter viaduct.
Andy, an engineer, was ready for everything, while Neil, a student, was quietly confident as he admitted he’d done a bit of climbing before, and some hillwalking. Meanwhile, Vicki and Sarah, who both worked for a design agency, declared that they had ‘never done anything like this before’ and were wondering what they had let themselves in for. Kate, an aromatherapist, was very keen to get started.
Saturday began with a gentle stroll up a hill and we learned the basics of map-reading. We were only out for about three hours but some of the uphill bits were hard work and Justin had to urge us on with helpful comments such as ‘Nearly there!’ and “Stopping only makes it more difficult to keep going!’ Sarah amazed herself by getting to the top of the hill without fainting.
“I never knew water could taste this good!’ she said, taking a swig from my bottle before collapsing onto the grass to enjoy the view.
Next was caving, something I’d always wanted to try but never got round to. A short drive in the minibus and we were at the cave entrance. We were given helmets with torches before we squeezed through the narrow gap in the rock into the cave. I had imagined we would be wading through the deep pools of muddy water. It turned out to be less messy than I had expected although just as exciting. Having learned basic caving techniques and safety rules, we eventually emerged from the cave, sweaty and muddy but completely elated by the experience.
We tool archery very seriously. We divided into two teams, according to age. I found myself in the older group. Andy hit the target a few times but the rest of our performance was embarrassingly bad. We had a great time though, and in different wind conditions, it might have been a different story. That’s my excuse, anyhow!
Sunday morning was abseiling, probably the most frightening experience of the weekend, but incredibly thrilling. One look at the 30-meter drop was enough to convince Vicki: there was no way she was doing it. Justin gently urged her, but wasn’t going to force anyone.
As I clambered over the edge of the viaduct, my harness firmly tightened, I tried to think of something nice, such as the delicious buffet that would be our evening meal. Would I live to enjoy it? I soon discovered the truth: once you get used to dangling in space 30 meters above rushing water, abseiling is addictive. “I love these downhill activities!” said Sarah as she glided gracefully.
Just when we thought things couldn’t get any more challenging, we moved on to rock-climbing. We approached the 20-meter rock face. There was a tiny crack in it, but to climb it looked impossible. Despite her fear of heights, Vicki decided to have a go, got almost to the top, then came down on the safety-rope. It was only then that she realized: ‘I’ve abseiled!’
My turn was next. I had got a third of the way up before I lost my nerve and my knees turned to jelly. ‘I can’t do it!’ I whimpered down to Justin. But Justin was clearly used to hearing this. He calmly called up instructions. ‘There’s a tiny ledge to your left!’ And there was. ‘Now stick your right foot in the crack.’ He had to be kidding, but he wasn’t. ‘Don’t use your knees!’ Bit by bit, I forced myself to get to the top. I felt elated. I’d just climbed a 20-meter cliff!
Sadly, our weekend had come to an end and we collapsed into the minibus. Our bodies were still pumping adrenaline as we chatted incessantly and raved about our achievements, already planning our return trip. That is, except Sarah. She was fast asleep.


  1. Why did the participants choose to spend the weekend in this way?

A They wanted to learn new skills.

B They are very adventurous people.

C They wanted to make new friends.

D They wanted a change from routine.


  1. How did they find their first activity?

A It was quite tiring.

B It was very useful.

C It made one person very ill.

D It made them all thirsty.


  1. The writer claims he would have achieved more at archery if

A the teams had been organized differently.

B the weather had been different.

C they had taken it more seriously.

D they hadn’t spent so much time talking.


  1. What happened when they first tried abseiling?

A The instructor, Justin, had to persuade them it was safe.

B They nearly got extremely wet.

C Not everybody took part in the activity.

D They rewarded themselves with a meal afterwards.


  1. What was the most demanding activity?

A archery

B caving

C abseiling

D rock-climbing


  1. What happened during the rock-climbing lesson?

A Somebody refused to start.

B Somebody became very anxious.

C Somebody fell.

D The instructor, Justin, had to climb up himself.


  1. At the end of the weekend, what was their strongest feeling?

A great excitement

B sadness

C physical exhaustion

D sleepiness


Text 2

You are going to read an article about living in New York. Answer the questions (8-20) by choosing from the people A-D. Don’t worry if the people may be chosen more than once. There is an example at the beginning (0).
^ Which of the people
has just enough money to buy necessities?

0

A

is able to get things he/she needs without paying?

8





has thought about leaving New York?

9





enjoys a spare-time activity that is free?


10




spends a lot of money for the benefit of others?


11





says that prices in New York are rising?


12





is disturbed by the noise of the city?


13





mentions several sources of income?


14





thinks New York is now a safer place than before?


15





likes the variety of people in New York?


16





works to finance another activity?


17





would like more space?


18





thinks other New Yorkers don’t always behave well?


19





sees no reason to complain about his/her situation?


20





Living in the Big Apple
To most people, New York seems an incredibly exciting place to live. What do New Yorkers think of their city?


A THE SINGLE GIRL – Sherrin Bernstein


Living in Manhattan is one big financial struggle for Sherrin Bernstein, a trainee beauty therapist. She earns enough to pay the bills, but there is little left for luxuries. ‘I can’t afford to do expensive things,’ she says. But she can have a lot of fun in New York on a budget. A good meal in a restaurant costs little, and her favourite hobby is rollerblading in Central Park, which costs nothing. Apart from a short break in Spain last year, Sherrin has not had a holiday in ten years. She is paying her way through college and earns money by working as a skating instructor. Despite the financial drawbacks, she loves New York. ‘The energy in this city is incredible.’ The worst aspect, according to Sherrin, is pollution and noise. ‘Car alarms go off through the night, police sirens too. It’s hard to get a good night’s sleep.’ The aggressive nature of New Yorkers also makes her uncomfortable. ‘People push you out of the way on the subway or in the street. Sometimes I long for a more peaceful way of life.’


B THE FAMILY – Mr and Mrs Miles and their daughters


Seymour Miles, his wife, Jan, and their two daughters live in a three-bedroom apartment, which is large by New York standards. Mr Miles runs his own business and Jan is vice-president at a bank. The Miles sat they are fortunate they can afford to send their daughters to a private school. ‘The school has an excellent academic reputation, every child has a computer. Things like that influenced our decision to invest so much in their education.’ Bringing children up in New York has its benefits and drawbacks. A big advantage is access to New York’s rich cultural life. The girls go regularly to museums and art galleries and see all the latest films. ‘In New York, they are exposed to the diversity of people, they see other cultures and are enriched by that,’ says Mr Miles. The disadvantage is they do not have the freedom to go out in the street and play. ‘Everything has to be supervised and arranged in advance.’ The Miles say New York is becoming more and more expensive to live in, so many people are leaving and moving out to the suburbs.


C THE COUPLE – Mr and Mrs Rochford


A few years ago, Jeff Rochford considered moving out of New York, where he’s lived in all his life. ‘Crime was out of control, the economy was in a mess. It was becoming a dangerous place to live. But the clampdown on crime has improved the city tremendously.’ Mr Rochford and his wife, Verda, live in a tine one-bedroom apartment. Although it is expensive to live in Manhattan, Mr Rochford says he feeds off the city’s energy and would not live anywhere else. ‘Here we’ve got everything at our fingertips. Anything you want is available 24 hours a day.’ Mrs Rochford, however, who grew up on a farm in the country, says she has a ‘love-hate’ relationship with New York. ‘I hate that feeling of being closed in. We’re trying to save up for a bigger home,’ she says.


D THE HOMELESS PERSON – Gerry Brown


Begging for coins on Fifth Avenue, Gerry Brown doesn’t display an ounce of self-pity. ‘A lot of wealthy people live here and good luck to them. I know a lot of them and they give me money because they like me.’ Gerry, 44, has been unemployed for five years. He stays at a friend’s house and comes into the city center every day. ‘I do odd jobs.’ He gets financial support and food stamps each month from the State. The rest of the time he earns money by going through rubbish bins and picking out cans and bottles for recycling. ‘I find stuff, like televisions and radios and sell them,’ he says. He is experienced enough to know how to look after himself. ‘I know where to get a free shower. I know where to get food – the supermarkets, the restaurants – they all give it away.’



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