Задание 4 Упражнения


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НазваниеЗадание 4 Упражнения
Дата публикации16.06.2013
Размер10.33 Kb.
ТипДокументы
ЗАДАНИЕ 4
Упражнения
I. Переведите следующие интернациональные слова. Найдите значение выделенных слов в словаре:

family, humour, musician, actor, artist, sympathy, period, information, dispute, general, pose, genius, fashion

II. Переведите следующие словосочетания и группы слов:

to be very good at drawing; from memory; predominating colour; to attract attention; to earn one's living; an out-of-door painter; to be in fashion; humour, good-humoured; light, light blues, thunderlight; in the country, a country girl, country-side; land, landscape

III. Прочтите следующие пояснения к тексту:

1. Garrick, David – Дейвид Гаррик (1717-1779), английский актёр, драматург, театральный деятель

2. "The Cottage Girl with Dog and Pitcher" – "Деревенская девочка с собакой и кувшином" ("Девочка с кувшином")

3. "The Market Cart" - "Телега, едущая на рынок"

IV. Прочтите текст, постарайтесь понять его общее содержание, назовите картины Гейнсборо, о которых говорится в тексте.
^ THOMAS GAINSBOROUGH (1727-1788)

Thomas Gainsborough was born in the small market town of Sudbury in Suffolk. He was the youngest of the nine children in the family. He went to school in his native town.

When a boy he was very good at drawing, and according to a story about him, he made such a good portrait from memory of a thief whom he had seen robbing a garden that the thief was caught. It was his early efforts at landscape painting that were the reason for his father allowing him to go to London to study.

Gainsborough was good-humoured and witty. He was a friend of Garrick, whose portrait he painted, along with many friends among musicians and actors. The theatre, too, enters his work. One of his most famous portraits is that of the actress Sarah Siddons, which is in the National Gallery.

His portraits of children have infinite charm. He had a great feeling and sympathy for them. The delightful portraits of his two little daughters have given pleasure for over 2000 years and still do. His portraits are painted in clear tones. His colour is always tender and soft. Light tone scheme and use of light blues and yellows belong essentially to his earlier period.

Perhaps the best known today of all Gainsborough's portraits is the famous "The Blue Boy". But curiously enough it was little known in Gainsborough's days and there is no definite information about the date of the painting. There is opinion that Gainsborough painted "The Blue Boy" in order to establish the point which he had made in dispute with Reynolds and other painters, when he maintained that the predominant colour in a picture should be blue.

His picture "The Cottage Girl with Dog and Pitcher" attracted general attention. The picture representing a small country girl was first exhibited in 1814; the easy pose of the girl, the natural turn of her head and the expression of her face make a true-to-life picture.

Thomas Gainsborough was Reynolds's rival and almost exact contemporary. He was also his most exact opposite. He brought an innate genius delight in colour and movement. He is the purest lyricist among the painters.

"The Portrait of Lady Howe" (1765) is one of his masterpieces. It is a portrait in a Van Dyck habit. Behind the Lady you can see the English landscape which was so dear to Gainsborough's heart. Even in the portrait he is an out-of-door painter. If you think of his finest portraits, you will immediately remember that the backgrounds are well-observed country scenes. The famous "The Blue Boy" is placed against an open sky and a background of brown and green landscape. In Mrs. Sheridan's portrait the background is the wide sky and broad view into the valley.

He loved the country-side of his childhood and often did that the Suffolk country-side had made him a painter. One of the most famous of his late landscapes is "The Market Cart" painted two years before he died. He lived in that period when landscape painting was not in fashion. Rich people did not spend money on landscapes. So, it's really remarkable that the were more than 40 unsold landscapes in his studio at the time of his death.

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