И.о. зав. кафедрой ТПАЯ
Протокол № 5 от 08.11.2012
Материалы к экзамену
по дисциплине "Теоретическая фонетика"
для студентов 3 курса факультета славянских и германских языков
2012/2013 уч.г., 5 семестр
Группы: ИЯ-31, ИЯ-32, ИЯ-33, АБ-31, АТ-31
Преподаватель Рудоманенко А.В.
Speech & language… Think about the terms & their definitions. Single out the levels of the language system. Define the phonetic system of a language.
How is oral speech produced? Prove that any speech act manifests 4 aspects of sound phenomena.
How is phonetics defined by different linguists? What does the object of the science comprise?
Speak about the main branches of phonetics & the methods applied in investigating the sound matter of the language. Phonology. Should it be separated from phonetics or not? Represent different points of view & give your own arguments, please.
What fields can phonetics be applied to? What is the role of phonetics in language learning & teaching? What interdisciplinary overlaps (phonetics & other sciences) would you like to mention?
Speak about the differences between two classes of sounds — vowels and consonants — in terms of articulation and auditory effect. What features typical of vowels and consonants do the sonants possess?
Give precise account of all factors that can influence the quality of the vowel. Discuss the principles of classification of vowels. Point out the principles of classification of English consonants.
The phoneme theory & different views of it. Explain the correlation between the phoneme and its set of actual speech sounds (allophones). Illustrate it by examples.
Speak about a phoneme as a unity of three aspects: material, abstract and functional. Why none of them can be ignored?
Comment on the phenomenon of variation in a language system, reasons and types of variation. Give a brief overview of allophonic modifications of sounds.
Survey the problems of phonological analysis. Explain what methods are applied; discuss the problematic & controversial points in the process of establishing the phonemic inventory of English.
Define a syllable. Illustrate different definitions of a syllable; give a brief overview of the functions a syllable performs.
Speak about the problem of syllable division. Comment on the existing theories (the expiratory theory, Jespersen‘s theory). Comment on Shcherba's theory of muscular tension.
Survey the phonotactic peculiarities of English.
State the differences between word & utterance stress, name the factors that condition their placement in a word and an utterance.
Speak about various types of word stress, those distinguished according to its nature & its position, place.
Concentrate on the articulatory & acoustic nature of English word stress. How many degrees of word stress are singled out by British & American linguists?
What tendencies affect the position of English word stress? Comment on the functions of word stress in English.
Speak about the meanings & functions of prosody.
Give account of the prosodic units of a language.
Describe the prosodic subsystems: pitch & utterance stress.
Speak about the prosodic subsystems: rhythm, tempo & pauses.
What is bilingualism? Speak about the problem of prosodic interference, mention the features of Russian – English prosodic interference.
Speak about the varieties that exist in any language (dialects, idiolectal differences, standard pronunciation). Describe features of RP as the orthoepic norm of British English.
Phonostylistics as a new branch of phonetics, the object of its investigation. Phonetic styles, their classifications and the principles they are based on.
Illustrate, please, that a phoneme fulfills a distinctive function.
Illustrate, please, that a phoneme fulfills a constitutive function.
Illustrate, please, that a phoneme fulfills an identificatory function.
Illustrate, please, that sounds and prosodic units are linguistic phenomena.
Enumerate the English sonorants and prove that they occupy a specific position between consonants and vowels.
Try to carry out a phonological analysis and prove, please, that [d ] and [t ] are two different phonemes.
Prove, please, the durational variants [i:], [i.], [ I] are allophones of one and the same phoneme [i: ].
Prove, please, that [ n ] and [ŋ ] are two different phonemes.
Prove, please, that in the following row of words; power, spoon, cap [p -aspirated], [p- less aspirated], [p-non-aspirated] are allophones of one and the same phoneme [p].
Prove, please, that a phoneme is material, real and objective.
Enumerate the types of syllables in English and identify them in the following words arm, sit, say, far.
Establish the syllabic boundaries in the words river, lovely, little, daily, agree.
Establish the syllabic boundaries in the words power, require, science.
Prove, please, that the syllable fulfills a distinctive function and the placement of the syllabic boundary is linguistically relevant.
Prove, please, that word-stress fulfills a distinctive function in the English language.
Prove, please, that the positions of primary and secondary stresses in English words are linguistically relevant.
Identify the accentuation tendency that regulates the placement of word-stress in the following words responsibility, activity, demonstrative.
Identify the accentuation tendency that regulates the placement of word-stress in the following words father, ready, window.
Intonation fulfills constitutive and delimitative functions. Prove it, please.
Intonation fulfills communicative-distinctive and culminative-distinctive function. Prove it, please.
Intonation fulfills syntactical-distinctive function. Prove it, please.
Intonation fulfills modal-distinctive and stylistic-distinctive function. Prove it, please.
Prove, please, that phonetics is closely connected with grammar, the history of a language, psychology, history, statistics.
Prove, please, that phonetics is closely connected with lexicology, stylistics, physiology, biology, physics.
Give the examples of Russian-English phonetic and prosodic interference.