English university slang term, supposedly a reference to Thomas


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НазваниеEnglish university slang term, supposedly a reference to Thomas
Дата публикации12.07.2013
Размер27.92 Kb.
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  1. Hobson’s choice - English university slang term, supposedly a reference to Thomas Hobson (c.1544-1631), Cambridge stable manager who let horses and gave customers a choice of the horse next in line or none at all. Phrase popularized c.1660 by Milton, who was at Cambridge from 1625-29 - a situation in which there is only one thing you can do, so you do not really have any choice at all.

  2. Black hole of Calcutta - was a small dungeon (темница) in the old Fort William, at Calcutta, India, where troops of the Nawab of Bengal, Siraj ud-Daulah, held British prisoners of war after the capture of the Fort on June 19, 1756. – богом забытое место; переполненное людьми помещение.

  3. Simon Pure – 1815, from the true Simon Pure "the genuine person or thing" (1795), from ^ Simon Pure, name of a Quaker who is impersonated by another character (Colonel Feignwell) in part of the comedy "A Bold Stroke for a Wife" (1717) by Susannah Centlivre, English dramatist and actress. The real Simon Pure is dealt with as an imposter (верстальщик) and is believed only after he has proved his identity. – настоящий, подлинный

  4. John Bull – is a national personification of Britain in general and England in particular, especially in political cartoons and similar graphic works. He is usually depicted as a stout, middle-aged, country dwelling, jolly, matter-of-fact man (прозаичный), a heroic archetype of the freeborn Englishman - типичный англичанин

  5. Jekyll and Hyde - in reference to opposite aspects of a person's character, from Robert Louis Stevenson's story, "The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde," published 1886. The surname Jekyll is of Breton origin and was originally a personal name. – двойственная личность

  6. Darby and John - John Darby and his wife Joan were first mentioned in print in a poem published in The Gentleman's Magazine by Henry Sampson Woodfall in 1735, original title The Joys of Love never forgot. A Song. Woodfall had been apprentice to Darby, a printer in Bartholomew Close in the Little Britain area of London, who had been married to Joan Darby . -  is a proverbial phrase for a married couple content to share a quiet life of mutual devotion.

  7. Stay an Uncle Tom - At the time of the novel's initial publication in 1851 Uncle Tom was a rejection of the existing stereotypes of minstrel shows; Stowe's melodramatic story humanized the suffering of slavery for White audiences by portraying Tom as a Christlike figure who is ultimately martyred, beaten to death by a cruel master because Tom refuses to betray the whereabouts of two women who escape from slavery.[3][4] Stowe reversed the gender conventions of slave narratives by juxtaposing Uncle Tom's passivity against the daring of three African American women who escape from slavery. – стоять в стороне

  8. John Doe - fictitious plaintiff in a legal action, attested from 1768 (in Blackstone). The fictitious defendant was Richard Roe. Replaced earlier John-a-nokes (1530s), who usually was paired with John-a-stiles. By 1852, John Doe was being used for "any man whose name is not known." John Doe warrant attested from 1935воображаемый истец

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