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|Education System in Russia|
Russia has a long-standing tradition in high-quality education for all citizens. Education is split into a compulsory Basic Education, and Higher Education.
Basic general education lasts for nine years. Graduates of this level may continue their education at senior high school to receive secondary general education. Secondary general education continues for two years and ends when students are 17-18. Graduates from a secondary general school may apply for entrance to a higher education institution.
Russia's higher education system started with the foundation of the universities in Moscow and St. Petersburg in the middle of the 18th century. The system was constructed similar to that of Germany.
The system of education in Russia began to change over the past four to five years. Universities began transitioning to a system similar to that of Britain and the USA
There are two levels of higher education:
Basic higher education (4 years) leading to the Bachelor's degree, the first university level degree. After two years, students are entitled to receive a Master's degree. After a Master's degree, students can continue to study towards a doctoral degree.
The Bachelor's degree programmes include professional and special courses in Science, the Humanities and Social-economic disciplines, professional training, completion of a research paper/project and passing State final exams. Then students may apply to enter the Master's programme.
Many Russian universities also offer distance education and provide courses for the public and for specific professional needs. However, such systems are usually less developed than in the US and other Western European countries.
The academic year lasts from Sept 1 to Mid June everywhere, with long summer vacations from July 1st to Aug 31.
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