Российской Федерации Федеральное агентство по образованию Государственное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования


Скачать 238.57 Kb.
НазваниеРоссийской Федерации Федеральное агентство по образованию Государственное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования
страница1/5
Дата публикации14.05.2013
Размер238.57 Kb.
ТипМетодические указания
userdocs.ru > Право > Методические указания
  1   2   3   4   5
Министерство образования и науки Российской Федерации

Федеральное агентство по образованию

Государственное образовательное учреждение

высшего профессионального образования


«САМАРСКИЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ

АРХИТЕКТУРНО - СТРОИТЕЛЬНЫЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ»

Английский язык

Методические указания

по устным экзаменационным темам для студентов I курса

Самара 2006

Составители: Е.В. Шипанова, Э.Р. Хафиятуллина


Методические указания по устным экзаменационным темам для студентов I курса всех специальностей (английский язык)/Сост.: Е.В. Шипанова, Э.Р. Хафиятуллина; Самарск. Гос. арх.-строит. ун-т. Самара,2006.
Данные методические указания по английскому языку предназначены для студентов I курса всех специальностей и содержат тематические разделы для отработки устных экзаменационных тем. Пособие содержит список слов и словосочетаний, комплекс упражнений и диалогов.


Предназначена для студентов I курса всех специальностей

Рецензент: доктор филологических наук, профессор Е.Г. Вышкин

^ Unit I: MY FAMILY

TEXT A

Vocabulary
good-looking- красивый, миловидный to go in for smth- заниматься чем-либо

slim- стройный opinion- мнение

experienced- опытный, со стажем upbringing- воспитание

to take care of smb- заботиться о ком-либо broad-shouldered - широкоплечий she is good at cooking она хорошо готовит to play the guitar- играть на гитаре she is clever with her hands-у нее умелые руки to repair - чинить, исправлять to tidy -убирать, приводить в порядок twins- близнецы

pensioner- пенсионер to run the house - вести хозяйство

to take to pieces- разбирать на части to knit - вязать

to manage - суметь, справиться, ухитриться accountant - бухгалтер

wheels and screws - колесики и винтики scientist - ученый

to fix -чинить, исправлять vacuum cleaner - пылесос nursery school -детский сад washing machine- стиральная машина сosmonaut - космонавт fridge -холодильник

in pieces- разобранный на части views on smth- взгляды на …

fair-haired- светловолосый even-tempered - уравновешенный

to have much in common- иметь много общего horror film- фильм ужасов

and what not- и так далее, и тому подобное

to be fond of smth- увлекаться чем-либo

to be deeply attached to smb- быть сильно привязанным к кому-либо

to be in good mood - быть в хорошем настроении

to get on well - быть в хороших отношениях, ладить друг с другом

to take after- быть похожим, пойти в кого-либо из родителей

soap opera”- “мыльная опера ”, многосерийная мелодрама

to be handy with smth - уметь делать что-либо, быть искусным в чем-либо

^ MY FAMILY
I am Alex Sidorov. Alex is my first name and Sidorov is my surname. I am seventeen years old. I want to tell you a few words about my family. My family is large. I’ve got a mother, a father, a sister, a brother and a grandmother. We are six in the family.

My mother is a teacher of biology. She works in a college. She likes her profession. She is a good-looking woman with brown hair and green eyes. She is forty-four but she looks much younger. She is tall and slim.

My father is a computer programmer. He is very experienced. He is a broad-shouldered, tall man with fair hair and grey eyes. He is forty-six. My father often sings and when we are at home and have some free time, I play the guitar and we sing together. My father knows all about new radio sets and likes to repair old ones. He is also handy with many things. When he was small, he liked to take everything to pieces. My grandmother told me a story that once my father tried to “repair” their kitchen clock. He managed to put all the wheels and screws back again – but the clock did not work. They had to give it to a repairman. But that happened a long time ago. Now he can fix almost everything: a vacuum cleaner, a washing machine, a fridge and what not. He’s got a few shelves where he keeps everything he needs. On the table there’s always a radio in pieces.

My parents have been married for twenty-six years. They have much in common, but they have different views on music, books and films. For example, my father likes horror films and my mother likes “soap operas”. My father is fond of tennis. My mother isn’t interested in sports. But my parents have the same opinion about my education and upbringing.

My parents are hard-working people. My mother keeps house and takes care of me and my father. She is very good at cooking and she is very clever with her hands. She is very practical. My father and I try to help her with the housework. I wash the dishes, go shopping and tidy our flat.

My grandmother is a pensioner. She lives with us and helps to run the house. She is fond of knitting.

My sister Helen is twenty-five. She is married and has a family of her own. She works as an accountant for a small business company. Her husband is a scientist. They’ve got twins: a daughter and a son. They go to a nursery school.

My brother Boris is eleven. He is a school-boy. He wants to become a doctor but he is not sure yet. Three months ago he dreamed of being a cosmonaut.

I think I take after my father. I’m tall, fair-haired and even-tempered. I always try to be in good mood. I am a first year student. This year I have entered Samara University of Architecture and Civil Engineering. I am interested in general engineering subjects. I like maths, chemistry, computer engineering, physics.

We’ve got a lot of relatives. We are deeply attached to each other and we get on very well.

Exercise I

Answer the questions:

1.What is your first name? What is your surname?

2.How old are you?

3.When is your birthday?

4.Is your family large? How many are you in the family?

5.Have you got any brothers or sisters?

6.What are your parents? Where do they work?

7.How long have your parents been married?

8.Do they have much in common?

9.Do you spend a lot of time with your family?

10.What sort of things do you do together?

11.Do you go out with your parents?

12.Who runs the house in your family?

13.What are your household duties?

14.What is your father’s hobby?

15.Can you describe your mother?
Exercise II

Read the dialogue and translate it:

-Hello, Ann!

-Hello, Kate! Haven’t seen you for ages! Meet my fellow student Lena.

-How do you do! Glad to meet you, Lena. Are you from St.Petersburg?

-No, I’m from Moscow. My family lives there too.

-Do you live in the hall of residence or rent a room?

-Neither. I live at my sister’s. She has a nice three-room flat not far from the center of the city.

-You are lucky. Is your sister married?

-Oh, yes. She is married and has a daughter already.

-What is her husband?

-He is a manager.

-And is your sister also a manager?

-Oh, no, she is a teacher of English.

-Do your like St.Petersburg, Kate?

-Yes, I do. All members of my family live in St.Petersburg.

-And is your family large?

-Rather. We are five: my parents, a grandmother, my younger brother and me.

-Does your grandmother work?

-No, she is a retired pensioner. She is in her late sixties. But she does a lot of housework.

-Is your brother still at school?

-Yes, he is. He is leaving school this year. He is seventeen.

-What is he going to be?

-His dream is to be an actor. He is a great theatre-lover.
Exercise III

You want to know something about your groupmates. Think of the questions you would like to ask them (their family, native town, favorite subjects at school and at the institute, hobbies, sports, TV, cinema, books, friends, future plans, etc.) Make up a dialogue in pairs.
TEXT B

^ THE AMERICAN FAMILY

Belonging to a family is one bond almost everyone in the world shares, but family patterns vary from country to country. The United States has many different types of families. While most American families are traditional, comprising a father, mother and one or more children, 22.5 percent of all American families in 2001 were headed by one parent, usually a woman. In a few families in the United States, there are no children. These childless couples may believe that they would not make good parents; they may want freedom from the responsibilities of child-rearing; or, perhaps they are not physically able to have children. Other families in the United States have one adult who is a stepparent. A stepmother or stepfather is a person who joins a family by marrying a father or mother.

Americans tolerate and accept these different types of families. In the United States, people have the right to privacy and Americans do not believe in telling other Americans what type of family group they must belong to. They respect each other's choices regarding family groups.

Families are very important to Americans. One sign that this is true is that Americans show great concern about the family as an institution. Many Americans believe there are too many divorces. They worry that teenagers are not obeying their parents. They are concerned about whether working women can properly care for their children.

Families give Americans a sense of belonging and a sense of tradition. Families give Americans strength and purpose.

Families serve many functions. They provide a setting in which children can be born and reared. Families help educate their members. Parents teach their children values - what they think is important. They teach their children daily skills, such as how to ride a bicycle. They also teach them common practices and customs, such as respect for elders and celebrating holidays. The most important job for a family is to give emotional support and security.
Exercise I

Answer the following questions:

1. What types of families are there in the USA?

2. What is the attitude of Americans to the types of family groups?

3. Why is a family important to Americans?

4. Why do some couples prefer to be childless?

5. What sense do families give to Americans?

6. What functions do families serve?

7. What is the most important job for a family?
Exercise II

Put all types of questions to the text.

Exercise III

Give Russian equivalents to the following word combinations:

Family patterns, childless couples, responsibility of child-rearing, stepparent, the right to privacy, a sense of tradition, to earn money, emotional, support and security, family groups, to obey the parents, daily skills, good relationship, to teach daily skills, respect for elders, emotional support, concern about the family as an institution.
Exercise IV

Give English equivalents to the following word combinations:

Бездетные пары, типичная американская семья, воспитание ребенка, освободиться от ответственности, отчим, стать хорошими родителями, мачеха, право на личную жизнь, повиноваться родителям, выполнять много функций, уважение к старшим, моральная поддержка, забота.

Exercise V

Make up your own topic “ABOUT MY FAMILY AND MYSELF”.
^ UNIT II: OUR UNIVERSITY
TEXT A

Vocabulary

highly-qualified – высоко-квалифицированный tutorials – занятия с преподавателем

state supported - государственный to attend - посещать

to аdmit (into) - принимать post-graduate courses - аспирантура

to study (at) - учиться faculty - факультет to provide - обеспечивать to offer - предлагать

elements of machines - детали машин leisure - досуг

town planning - градостроительство to acquire - приобретать

well-equipped – хорошо оснащенный science and engineering – наука и техника

to depend (upon) – зависеть от supervision - руководство

course of study – курс обучения examination period - сессия

particular - определенный to make up - составлять curriculum – учебная программа variety of – ряд, множество

intense - напряженный dormitory- общежитие

academic year – учебный год grant -стипендия

general engineering subjects – общетехнические предметы

strength of materials – сопротивление материалов

computer engineering – вычислительная техника

to meet requirements – удовлетворять (отвечать) требованиям

water supply and sewerage – водоснабжение и водоотведение

research – научно-исследовательская работа


^ SAMARA UNIVERSITY OF ARCHITECTURE AND CIVIL ENGINEERING
There are many higher educational establishments in Samara. The University of Architecture and Civil Engineering is one of them. It trains highly-qualified specialists for the construction and service industries.

The University was founded in 1930. It’s a state supported institution. This means the tuition is free.

To be admitted into the University applicants are to pass entrance examinations. Students are able to study at full-time or extra-mural departments.

The University is a federal organization comprising Institutes: Institute of Ecology and Engineering Life Support Systems, Institute of Economics and Management, Institute of Architecture and Design, Construction Institute, Institute of Pre-Higher Education.

There are ten faculties at the University: Faculty of Architecture, Faculty of Design, Faculty of Industrial and Civil Engineering, Faculty of Construction Engineering, Faculty of Transport and Town Development, Faculty of Engineering Life Support Systems, Faculty of Engineering Economics, Faculty of Information Systems and Technologies, Correspondence Engineering Faculty and Correspondence Faculty of Economics.

The University provides training in specialties such as civil engineering, heating, ventilation and gas, water supply and sewerage, power construction, town planning, building materials, production of precast units, etc.

The University has a big library, many classrooms, well-equipped labs, a big computer center, an assembly hall and a canteen.

The course of studies lasts 5 – 6 years depending upon the particular faculty or department requirements.

The higher education curriculum is very intense and students have to work hard to meet its requirements. The academic year in Russia’s higher educational institutions begins on the first of September and is divided into two semesters. During this time students attend lectures, seminars and tutorials in many different subjects. The first- and second- year students study general engineering subjects such as maths, physics, chemistry, mechanics, strength of materials, elements of machines, drawing, computer engineering, a foreign language as well as a number of other subjects.

Specialization begins in the third year with further subjects available. The students acquire not only theoretical knowledge of construction science and engineering but also obtain production experience. They do practical work under the supervision of specialists. At the end of each semester students obtain credits and take exams. Those who do well receive grants. On graduating from the University our students receive a special higher-school certificate.

The graduates with an inclination towards research work have the opportunity to continue their studies at post-graduate courses.

However, studies are not the only thing that makes up a student’s life. The University offers a variety of leisure facilities. The University has a big sports complex for those who go in for sports. Students from out of the city live in the dormitory or in privately rented accommodation. Most students find it interesting but difficult to study at the University, especially the first-year students as they do not know how to organize their work and time.
Exercise I

Answer the following questions using the vocabulary from the text.

1. What is the full name of the University you study at?

2. When was it founded?

3. How many faculties are there at the University? What are they?

4. What should one do to become a student?

5. Why do some people choose the extra-mural department?

6. What specialists does the University train?

7. What subjects do students study in the first and second years?

8. When does specialization begin?

9. Do all students pay for their tuition?

10. Most students get grants, don’t they?

11. Where can students out of the city live?

12. Why have you chosen the University of Architecture and Civil Engineering?

13. What did you do to be admitted into the University?

14. Are you a full-time student?

15. How much do you pay for your tuition?

16. Do you receive a grant?

17.What faculty do you study at?

18.What qualification does the University award?

19. What do you plan to do when you graduate from the University?

20. What do you think your chances are in that field?
Exercise II

Give synonyms to the following words and word-combinations:

University, to train, construction, to study, to provide, auditorium, structural materials, to sit for examinations, to work hard, to begin, to acquire, scientific work, chance, canteen, to found, to graduate, work.
Exercise III

Give antonyms to the following words and word-combinations:

Full-time department, private, to be able to, to begin, to work, a foreign language, theoretical, at the end of, to pass one’s exam, town.
Exercise IV

Translate from Russian into English:

1.В каком университете Вы учитесь?

2.На каком факультете Вы учитесь?

3.Когда Вы поступили в университет?

4.Вы студент третьего курса, не так ли?

5.Сколько раз в году у Вас сессия?

6.Где Вы берете специальную литературу?

7.Сколько экзаменов у вас в эту сессию?

8.Вы уже сдали экзамен по английскому языку?

9.Какую оценку Вы получили?

10.Когда Вы закончите университет?
Exercise V

Read the dialogues and translate them:
  1   2   3   4   5

Похожие:

Российской Федерации Федеральное агентство по образованию Государственное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования iconФедеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение...
Министерство образования и науки российской федерации федеральное агентство по образованию
Российской Федерации Федеральное агентство по образованию Государственное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования iconУчебно-методический комплекс Ростов-на-Дону 2011 федеральное государственное...
Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования
Российской Федерации Федеральное агентство по образованию Государственное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования iconМинистерство образования и науки Российской федерации Федеральное...
Федеральное государственное автономное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования
Российской Федерации Федеральное агентство по образованию Государственное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования iconПравительство Российской Федерации Федеральное государственное образовательное...
Федеральное государственное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования
Российской Федерации Федеральное агентство по образованию Государственное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования iconМинистерство образования и науки российской федерации федеральное...
Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования
Российской Федерации Федеральное агентство по образованию Государственное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования iconМинистерство культуры российской федерации федеральное государственное...
Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования
Российской Федерации Федеральное агентство по образованию Государственное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования iconМинистерство культуры Российской Федерации Федеральное государственное...
Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования
Российской Федерации Федеральное агентство по образованию Государственное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования iconРоссийской Федерации Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное...
Разработана в соответствии с федеральным образовательным стандартом высшего профессионального образования
Российской Федерации Федеральное агентство по образованию Государственное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования iconРоссийской Федерации Федеральное Агентство по высшему образованию...
Методические рекомендации по прохождению производственной практики для студентов четвертого курса специальности 030602. 65 – Связи...
Российской Федерации Федеральное агентство по образованию Государственное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования iconРоссийской Федерации Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное...
Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования
Вы можете разместить ссылку на наш сайт:
Школьные материалы


При копировании материала укажите ссылку © 2020
контакты
userdocs.ru
Главная страница