Учебное пособие по английскому языку для студентов первого курса Тверь


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НазваниеУчебное пособие по английскому языку для студентов первого курса Тверь
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ТипУчебное пособие
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^

Text B: “My biography”


after Mark Twain



I was born on the 30-th of November 1835 in the village of Florida, Missouri. My father was John Marshal Clemens.

According to tradition some of my great-great parents were pirates and slave traders — a respectable trade in the 16-th century. In my time I wished to be a pirate myself.

Florida contained a hundred people and when I was born I increased the population by one per cent. It had two streets and a lot of lanes. Both the streets and the lanes were paved (мостить) with the same material — black mud in wet times, deep dust in dry. Most of the houses were of wood — there were none of brick and none of stone. Everywhere around were fields and woods.

My uncle was a farmer. I have never met a better man than he was. He was a middle-aged man whose head was clear and whose heart was honest and simple. I stayed at his house for three months every year till I was thirteen years old. Nowhere else was I happier than at his house. He had eight children and owned about fourteen Negro slaves whom he had bought from other farmers. My uncle and everyone on the farm treated the slaves kindly. All the Negroes on the farm were friends of ours and with those of our own age we were playmates. Since my childhood I have learned to like the black race and admire some of its fine qualities. In my school days nobody told me that it was wrong to sell and buy people. It is only much later that I realized all the horror of slavery.

The country school was three miles from my uncle's farm. It stood in a forest and could take in about twenty five boys and girls. We attended school once or twice a week. I was a sickly (хилый) child and lived mainly on medicine the first seven years of my life.

When I was twelve years old my father died. After my father's death our family was left penniless. I was taken from school at once and placed in the office of a local newspaper as printer's apprentice (подмастерье) where I could receive board and clothes but no money.

For ten years I worked in printshops of various cities. I started my journalistic life as a reporter on a newspaper in San-Francisco. It was then that I began to sign my publications by my penname Mark Twain.
General understanding:
1. In what state was Samuel Clemens born?

2. What were the great-great parents of Mark Twain?

3. What did Mark Twain want to be?

4. What were the streets and lanes of Florida paved with?

5. How does the author describe his uncle?

6. How many slaves did Mark Twain's uncle own?

7. What was the author's attitude toward slavery?

8. Was Mark Twain a healthy boy?

9. When did the author start his career of a writer?
Unit 2

Text A: “My flat”


The house we live in is our home. Some people live in individual houses and others live in multi-storied buildings . Our first floor is usually called the ground floor in England, and the second floor corresponds to the English first floor. Americans call the floors the same as we do: first, second, and so on.

Let us visit one of the modern flats. The flat is in multi-stored building on the sixth floor. It is the three-room flat with all modern conveniences. The rooms are a living-room, a bedroom and a study.

The living-room is large. There are two windows in it. The windows face the park. In the evening all the family gather in the living-room to watch a TV programs, read newspapers or magazines or to receive guests. The room is well furnished. On the table there is a vase with flowers.

There are some arm-chairs and a sofa near the wall. Opposite the sofa there is a TV-set.

You can see a piano near the window. At the wall stands a sideboard. Crystal bowls, wine glasses, goblets, china dishes and special tea-sets stand on its shelves. The walls in the living room are papered blue and the curtains over the window match them. On the walls there hang some pictures. A thick carpet covers the floor.

The bedroom is also a cosy room. There is only one window with dark curtains over it. The window faces the yard. Against the wall there are two beds . In the corner there is a dressing –table with a mirror. Opposite it there is a dark wardrobe.

The small room is the study. Here the children do their homework. It is a simply furnished room. In the corner near the window there is a desk with a lamp on it. A comfortable arm-chair stands near it. On the walls you can see shelves full of books, magazines.

Besides these three rooms, the flat has a kitchen, a hall, a bathroom and a lavatory. The kitchen is not so small. The built-in furniture and all modern conveniences make housekeeping easy.

So you can see, the flat is comfortable enough.

Vocabulary:

Residence – местожительство

A dwelling – жилище, дом

An apartment house – многоквартирный дом

A storey – этаж (с внешней стороны дома)

Multi-storied – многоэтажный

A floor – этаж (внутри дома, на лестнице); пол

^ A ground floor – нижний, цокольный этаж

To correspond – соответствовать

A flat – квартира

A three-room flat – трехкомнатная квартира

To move in(to) smth – переезжать куда-то, вселятся

A living-room – общая комната

A bedroom – спальня

A study – кабинет

To face smth – выходить куда-либо (об окнах), смотреть на что-либо

^ To be furnished – быть меблированной

Opposite – напротив

Square – квадратный

A chair – стул

An arm-chair – кресло

A sideboard – буфет (как предмет мебели)

Crystal – хрустальный

A bowl – чаша, вазочка

A wine-glass – рюмка

A goblet – бокал

A tea-set – чайный сервиз

A curtain – занавес(ка)

To match smth – подходить (по цвету), гармонировать с чем-либо

^ To hang – висеть

A thick carpet – толстый ковер

Cosy – уютный

Dark – темный

A dressing-table – туалетный столик

A mirror – зеркало

A wardrobe – платяной шкаф, гардероб

A writing-table – письменный стол

Comfortable – удобный, комфортабельный

A bookcase – книжный шкаф

Besides – кроме того

A hall – холл, коридор

A bathroom – ванная

A lavatory – уборная, туалет

Built-in – встроенный, вделанный

Answer the questions:

  1. Do we call floors of the apartment house in the same way as they call them in England and America?

  2. Where is the flat we visited located?

  3. Is the flat large or small? How many rooms are there in it?

  4. What is the largest room? What is the smallest one?

  5. The rooms are comfortable and cosy, aren’t they?

  6. What pieces of furniture stand in the living-room? Is it well furnished?

  7. What do the windows of the room face?

  8. What room is simply furnished?

  9. Does the family have many books? Where do they keep books, magazines and journals?

  10. The kitchen is very convenient for housekeeping, isn’t it?


UNIT 3
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